Table of contents:
This building is perhaps one of the most stunning cultural institutions in terms of beauty. And although now, during the period of self-isolation, tourists cannot come and see him with their own eyes, you can enjoy his photographs. The Palace of Catalan Music is a visiting card not only of Barcelona, but of the whole of Catalonia. It is impossible to take your eyes off this building, and many interesting facts are also associated with it.
The Palace of Catalan Music was designed over a hundred years ago by the famous architect Luis Domenech y Montaner. The construction was carried out mainly through donations. Construction was completed in 1908, and the opening took place in 1909.
It is not known whether the talented architect foresaw such a success, but the descendants appreciated the building at its true worth. The Palace of Catalan Music is recognized as a National Monument of Spain and a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
An architectural masterpieceThe masterpiece building, built in the historic quarter of Sant Pere, is the most striking example of Catalan Art Nouveau. The Musical Palace is replete with curved lines and delightful, very rich ornamentation, giving the impression that every part of the building is in motion. The feeling of lightness and spaciousness is also created thanks to the spacious interiors.
The hall of the palace is designed for 2,200 spectators and, by the way, it is the only concert hall in Europe with natural light. The translucent domed ceiling, consisting of fragments of multi-colored mosaics, as if transports the visitor into the magical world of a fairy tale. In the center of the dome, the glasses are golden, which personifies the sun, then blue ones, which are associated with the heavens, and the walls of the hall consist of stained-glass windows. When, at the same time, great music begins to sound, something fantastic turns out.
On the stage of the concert hall, you can see 18 female sculptures, personifying 18 Greek muses.
Ornate facadeThe facade of the building has absorbed several styles at once, and all of them are combined very harmoniously and tastefully. Here you can, for example, see elements of Spanish and Arab architecture. The columns of the building are amazing: they are covered with glazed tiles, and candelabra crowning them.
Approaching the main facade, you can see busts - lovers of classical music can easily recognize them as Bach, Beethoven, Wagner, Palestrina (the author of the famous Italian masses). On the upper part of the façade you can see a magnificent mosaic (by Lewis Bru y Saleles) depicting the vocalists of the Orfeo Catalá choir, for which this building was originally created.
Interestingly, earlier visitors to the Palais des Catalan Music had to enter the building through two arches. A ticket office was opened in a column between them, decorated with a magnificent mosaic by Lewis Brew.
The city council of Barcelona honored the architect with an award, after construction the project was recognized as the best building of the year.
In the 1980s, the building underwent restoration and expansion of the premises. Architects Oscar Tusquets and Carles Diaz supervised the work. Another small renovation (restoration of the theater itself) was here in 2006-2008.
Not only massesIt is curious that initially the Palais des Music was conceived exclusively as the headquarters of the Orfeó Català choral society and a concert venue for the performances of its choir. In other words, only Catholic music was supposed to sound here. But later its purpose expanded: concerts of classical music began to be held here, there were even performances by jazz musicians and pop stars.
At various times, on the stage of the palace in Barcelona, one could hear the singing of Montserrat Caballe, the play of Svyatoslav Richter and Rostislav Rostropovich.