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Writers by the name of Tolstoy: How many there were, and are they relatives of Lev Nikolaevich
Writers by the name of Tolstoy: How many there were, and are they relatives of Lev Nikolaevich

Usually people can name three Tolstoy writers. If you try, you will recall six writers with such a surname, all of them were quite famous in different years, and connoisseurs of Russian literature are able to name 16 authors, and most of them are really related to each other, because the surname Tolstoy came from a branched noble family.

Before Lev Nikolaevich

Marya Fedorovna Kamenskaya (nee Tolstaya, 1817-1898), the second cousin of the future classic of our literature, was 10 years older than him and remained in history as the author of many good poems, plays and prose works. She took an active part in the work of children's and folk magazines, and is also appreciated today as a talented and truthful memoirist.

Alexey Konstantinovich Tolstoy (1817–1875) - another writer from the Tolstoy family was not recognized according to his merits during his lifetime, as some of his biting satirical works were directed against the government. Even as a child, little Alyosha Tolstoy showed great promise. He was raised by his uncle, the famous writer Alexei Alekseevich Perovsky, who wrote under the pseudonym of Anthony Pogorelsky. For his beloved nephew, he composed a wonderful tale "The Black Hen or Underground Dwellers", and it is believed that the protagonist of the fantastic story combined the features of two Alekseevs - the author and his little pupil.

Portrait of Alexei Tolstoy by I.E. Repin

Alexey Konstantinovich began to write about 10 years earlier than his future famous second cousin, and his first works were fantastic stories in French. Later, such famous works as "Prince of Silver" and a number of historical adventure novels came out from under his pen. In addition, it is Alexei Tolstoy who is the author of the famous romance "Amid the noisy ball, by chance …".

Close relatives of Lev Nikolaevich

Still, this family was very rich in talents! Elder brother of Lev Nikolaevich Nikolay Nikolaevich Tolstoy graduated from the Faculty of Philosophy of Kazan University, earned military fame in the Caucasus and in 1857 in the journal N. A. Nekrasov "Contemporary" made his debut cycle of stories. Critics treated his work very favorably, and his younger brother later wrote that Nikolai, as a writer, was inherent in:. His most famous work is the story "Plastun" - about a man stolen in childhood and spent his whole life in captivity.

Brothers Tolstoy, Leo and Nikolay

Of Lev Nikolaevich's ten children, only two of his sons, Ilya and Lev, were engaged in literary activities. - noted the grandson of the famous writer.

Three Leo Tolstykh: Lev Nikolaevich, Lev Lvovich and Lev Lvovich Jr. 1899, Yasnaya Polyana

Creation Lev Lvovich Tolstoy it was interesting that the son of the famous father tried to draw parallels in his works with the work of Lev Nikolaevich. So, for example, in the story "Chopin's Prelude" he polemicized with the "Kreutzer Sonata" regarding the denial of family and marriage. The young writer caused a wave of criticism with such attempts and received the offensive nickname "Tiger Tigrovich".

Distant relatives

Alexey Nikolaevich Tolstoy - Russian and Soviet writer, public figure and Laureate of three Stalin Prizes of the first degree was published in the Soviet Union in much larger circulations than his famous distant relative (Alexei Nikolaevich Tolstoy is in the fourth generation the grand-nephew of Lev Nikolaevich). Rumors are being discussed that the biological father of the writer was his stepfather, and then he was not at all the "third Tolstoy" in Russian literature, but there is no confirmation of these controversial facts yet.Aleksey Nikolaevich is the author of very diverse works: the novels Aelita and The Hyperboloid of Engineer Garin have become classics of Soviet science fiction, Peter the First is the standard of the historical novel, and the epic Walking Through the Torments is a rethinking of an entire era. Well, and, of course, we must not forget about Pinocchio, who, for all Soviet people, overshadowed his much more moralizing predecessor, Pinocchio.

Alexey Nikolaevich Tolstoy

The "Fourth Tolstoy" of Russian literature was called the writer Sergei Nikolaevichbelonging to the untitled Tver branch of the Tolstoy family. Probably, this Soviet poet, playwright, translator, essayist, philosopher and literary critic could have achieved great success in the literary field, if not for the Great Patriotic War and material difficulties, due to which the talented author could not graduate from the literary institute and worked as an engineer, often giving to creativity only the night hours.

Tatiana Tolstaya

Tatiana Nikitichna Tolstaya is the granddaughter of Alexei Nikolaevich. The Russian writer, TV presenter, publicist and literary critic has earned several literary awards and in 2011 was included in the rating of the “100 Most Influential Women in Russia”. Success came to her after the very first story "They sat on the golden porch …". One of her most famous works is the novel Kys, published in 2000.

It is interesting that the most famous of all the Tolstoy writers, Lev Nikolaevich, at one time dreamed of writing a heroic novel about Peter I, but then changed his mind.

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