The largest museum in Russia was accused of using fake exhibits. After the exhibition "Faberge - Jeweler of the Imperial Court", an open letter with claims was received in the name of Mikhail Piotrovsky, the director of the museum. It was published on the website of the famous collector Andrey Ruzhnikov.
Ruzhnikov's address says that it is regrettable to see how "vulgar remakes" coexist next to the beautiful exhibits from the collections of Pavlovsk, the Hermitage and Peterhof. According to Ruzhnikov, the figurine of a soldier who lights a cigarette is not a very successful replica of Savitsky's sculpture from the Museum. Fersman. And the exhibited copy of the chicken egg (the original presented by Emperor Nicholas II to his wife in 1904 is kept in the Faberge Museum on the Fontanka) and the Alexander Nevsky egg in red enamel are good only for a souvenir shop, but not for the exposition of the country's main museum. According to the collector, the items named by him were made not even in the XX, but in the XXI century.
Ruzhnikov stressed that the list of forgeries displayed in the Hermitage is not limited to this.
In an open letter, the collector asked how all these fakes got into the museum, and who is responsible for this: the curators, curators or leaders of the Hermitage. Ruzhnikov stressed that he wants to hope that corruption has nothing to do with this situation.
It is worth clarifying that a copy is a replica of a work of art made by another author. As a rule, such works are created for educational purposes. In particular, there are many copies in the Pushkin Museum to this day, because it was originally created as a museum of copies at Moscow University. It was then that he turned into a huge museum with a huge number of original works. And the most famous of Pushkin's copies "David" is a replica of Michelangelo's sculpture. As a rule, you can find out whether the presented exhibit is a copy or an original from the label, which is placed next to each work.
But if the copy was created on purpose to be passed off as the original, this is already a fake. Many modern forgers make their own work in the style of the old master, and then try to artificially compose the work. Recently, re-facets have often appeared - when a picture of a little-known author from the past is remade in an antique manner, overwriting the unnecessary, and then they put a fake cliché. According to experts, the modern art world is simply flooded with fakes today.
Several years ago, a scandal erupted in Russia due to the fact that the paintings that Prince Nikita Lobanov-Rostovsky presented to the museum turned out to be fakes. Then they carried out an examination of the entire avant-garde collected in the collection of the Rostov Kremlin. It turned out that the paintings "Samovar" by Kazimir Malevich and "Non-Objective Composition" by Lyubov Popova, kept in this museum since 1922, are copies. It was possible to find out that the substitution was carried out in the early 1970s, and now the original of Malevich's painting is kept in the New York MoMA, and Popova's painting is in the Museum of Modern Art in Thessaloniki (Greece). Fraudsters made three fakes, but they did not manage to replace one painting - "Green Stripe" by Olga Rozanova. It is kept in the Rostov Kremlin even today.
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