"The poet's friend, sister and dear genius": amazing abilities and dramatic fate of Olga Pushkina
"The poet's friend, sister and dear genius": amazing abilities and dramatic fate of Olga Pushkina
E. A. Plyushar. Portrait of Olga Sergeevna Pavlishcheva, mid-1830s Fragment

Poet Alexander Pushkin's sister Olga Sergeevna was associated not only with family, but also with warm friendly relations. She was the addressee of his poems and letters, they shared secrets with each other and supported in difficult times. They say that Olga Pushkina possessed the gift of foresight and predicted the early death of her brother. And although she herself lived to old age, her life was no less dramatic.

Parents of Olga and Alexander Pushkin

Olga was two years older than her brother, their grandmother, Maria Hannibal, was engaged in raising both of them more than their parents, and the nanny was the same Arina Rodionovna, who sang lullabies to children and told bedtime stories. Olga Pushkina received a decent education: in addition to dancing and foreign languages, she was taught geography, history, algebra and natural science. She had a good governess, thanks to whom she spoke fluently not only French, but also English.

O. Kiprensky. Portrait of Alexander Pushkin, 1828. Fragment

"The poet's friend, sister and dear genius" - this is how P. Vyazemsky called Olga in a poem dedicated to her. Anna Kern stated: "Pushkin truly did not love anyone except his nanny and his sister." Perhaps in some ways she was right - the poet really felt very warm feelings for his nanny and sister. This is evidenced by the memoirs of contemporaries. For example, the historian I. Liprandi, who visited St. Petersburg in 1822, drew attention to the fact that of all the poet's relatives “his sister was more interested in knowing about Alexander Sergeevich”. Some Pushkin scholars believe that the main character of Eugene Onegin, Tatiana, inherited most of her features from Olga Pushkina.

Nikolay Pavlishchev, husband of Olga Sergeevna

At the age of 30, Olga secretly married Nikolayev Pavlishchev. The parents were against this marriage, and the brother, although he did not approve of her choice, helped persuade them to forgive Olga. But she never found happiness in family life - her husband turned out to be stingy, petty, picky, callous and selfish. He overpowered Alexander Sergeevich with monetary settlements, claimed the division of Mikhailovsky. Olga was very worried about these troubles, for some time she lived in the house of her brother and his wife, while her husband remained at the service in Warsaw at that time.

O.S. Pavlishcheva. Drawing by an unknown artist, 1833, Warsaw

From a young age, Olga Pushkina was interested in physiognomy, palmistry and phrenology and, as her friends said, she herself showed extraordinary abilities in this. According to her contemporaries, she was able to quickly and accurately recognize the character of people. Trying to read the fate of a person along the lines on her hand, she herself sometimes marveled at her predictions. So, Pushkin once insisted that she look at his hand, and Olga saw an unkind sign: “Why, Alexander, are you forcing me to tell you that I am afraid for you? You face a violent death in middle age, and you will not live to be old."

N.N. Ge. Pushkin in the village of Mikhailovskoye, 1875

Olga Sergeevna saw the omen of violent death on the hand of her relative, Lieutenant A. Baturin, who was killed a few days after the fortune-telling. Olga's interest in the supernatural remained until the end of her days. She became overly superstitious and became carried away by mysticism after the death of her brother in a duel, remembering her prediction, which at that time no one attached importance to. Olga Pavlishcheva even practiced spiritualism and table-turning.

V.A.Tropinin. Portrait of Alexander Pushkin, 1827. Fragment

After the death of Pushkin in 1837, Olga Sergeevna's health, undermined by family troubles, was completely weakened. She developed glaucoma due to nerves and began to lose her eyesight.By the end of her days, Olga Pavlishcheva was almost completely blind, but at the same time she did not lose her fortitude and fortitude. In the 1850s. she parted with her husband and lived the rest of her days in Petersburg. She died in 1868 at the age of 70, and soon after her death Pavlischev married a woman with whom he had long had a close relationship.

Left - V.F.Chernova. Portrait of Olga Sergeevna Pavlishcheva, 1844. Right - photo by Olga S. Pavlishcheva, 1860s

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