Where in the Urals is the "place of power", and Why the excavations of the ancient settlement Arkaim became the center of esoteric teachings
Where in the Urals is the "place of power", and Why the excavations of the ancient settlement Arkaim became the center of esoteric teachings
Anonim

More than thirty years have passed since an amazing historical monument was found in the South Ural steppes. The archaeologists who made this discovery did not even suspect that, in addition to a cultural center four thousand years ago, they discovered an object that would become a real pilgrimage site for adherents of various esoteric teachings and tourists who want to tickle their nerves by touching mystical secrets.

This story began quite prosaically - in 1987, the issue of building the Bolshe-Karagan reservoir in the south of the Chelyabinsk region was being decided. At that time, a compulsory rule of archaeological survey in the places of future construction was already in force, so a small expedition was sent to the area, which was soon to be hidden under water. It included only two archaeologists, and as a "reinforcement" to the excavations they attracted several more students of local universities of history faculties and a couple of schoolchildren from archaeological circles. Absolutely nothing interesting was expected from the trip.

However, it is possible that it was the “fresh look” of the younger generation that helped make the discovery on a global scale. On the very first day of excavations, it was two schoolchildren, two Aleksandrs - Yezril and Voronkov, who noticed an unusual terrain not far from the camp. As Vadim Mosin, Doctor of Historical Sciences and one of the "adult" members of the expedition, later said, at first they did not attach importance to these ramparts, they thought that there used to be collective farm corrals here, but nevertheless they decided to look, made a test hole and immediately discovered ceramic shards of Sintashta culture. Such luck seemed incredible! We persuaded the local villagers to fly over this place on a plane pollinating the fields, and as a result we got beautiful photographs that now adorn all scientific articles about Arkaim. Although then this place did not yet bear such a sonorous name. The discoverers named their find simply “the settlement of Aleksandrovskoe”.

Panorama of the environs of the fortified settlement Arkaim

It is possible that in ancient times these fortified walls more than once withstood the onslaught of enemies armed with bronze weapons, but at the end of the 20th century even more serious battles were fought around them. It was necessary to defend the incredible find, to prove to the officials that it was a real crime to flood the area. Scientists did indeed accomplish this feat by going through dozens of rooms at Giprovodkhoz. Fortunately, we managed to get support from many historians. The Director of the Hermitage, Academician B. B. Piotrovsky, Chairman of the Ural Academy of Sciences of the USSR, Academician G. A. Mesyats, and a number of archaeological specialists were finally able to postpone the flooding for two years. I must say that there have never been such precedents in Soviet history.

However, defending the unique find, archaeologists had to be a little cunning. In order to make the arguments more weighty in the eyes of officials, Arkaim had to acquire several high-profile epithets on paper. So, it began to be called one of the oldest cities in the country, the center of early statehood, an observatory temple and even the birthplace of the ancient Iranian prophet Zarathustra.It was then that the settlement acquired the status of a "national and spiritual shrine", and there was talk about its "magic" circles.

Arkaim. Reconstruction

In fact, Arkaim is the most famous, but by no means unique monument, which is referred to as the "Country of Cities". Excavations in the South Urals began in the 60s, and according to the name of one of the first settlements found near the Sintashta River, all similar settlements in these places began to be attributed to the "Sintashta culture". In total, about 20 settlements dating back to the Middle Bronze Age (3-2 thousand years BC) have been discovered today. In serious literature, "The Country of Cities", which spreads over the territory of the Chelyabinsk and Orenburg regions, Bashkortostan and northern Kazakhstan, is called the "Volga-Ural focus of cultural genesis". We are talking about a huge territory with a diameter of about 350 kilometers. According to scientists, all these settlements were really a "country", since they were located at a distance of a day's passage from each other and were built at about the same time, in the same architectural style. These fortified settlements, "pragorods", were inhabited by people of the same Caucasian ethnic group. It is possible that they were the earliest Indo-Iranians. Arkaim among these cities was hardly the "capital". This "country" has not yet been fully explored; excavations have not even begun at most of these objects.

Fortified settlement Arkaim. Museumified excavation on two dwellings

But at the end of the 20th century, it was important to preserve the territory of Arkaim from flooding, and, fortunately, it succeeded. The struggle finally ended only in April 1992, when the construction of the dam was closed. An experimental natural-landscape and historical-archaeological reserve was opened on this territory, and scientists were finally able to continue working normally. However, by this time Arkaim had already acquired a stable reputation as a "special place". The collapse of the Soviet Union was a special time. Paranormal currents have become a universal hobby, and the new "place of power" came in handy here. In 1991, Tamara Globa visited Arkaim, and at that moment a new myth was born. Further, numerous representatives of various directions began to find more and more interesting things in the South Urals. Today Arkaim is considered an important center in various esoteric teachings, and among bioenergetics, and even among ufologists.

Arkaim. Archaeological finds

It is interesting that in pseudoscientific literature, theories of a nationalist nature are often exaggerated. Arkaim is called "the ancestral home of the Slavs", Aryans or Indo-Europeans, "the cradle of human civilization." At the same time, the level of technical and spiritual development of its ancient inhabitants is mercilessly overestimated, which makes it look like the mythical Atlantis. All these theories are rather heterogeneous, since there is no scientific evidence for the presence of any features of Arkaim. In fact, this unique historical monument is quite interesting even without bioenergetic anomalies, and scientists expect many more interesting discoveries from it.

Archaeological finds are often credited with magical properties. One of these places is the "Gates of Hell" in Turkey. Read on about scientists managed to unravel the secret of one of the portals to the other world.

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