Fort Boyar (Fort Boyard) is located on the west coast of France, washed by the Atlantic Ocean. This building was erected by the order of the Emperor Napoleon, and this stone fort gained worldwide fame as the filming location of the television show of the same name.
The idea to build a fort in this place, in the middle of the Antjos Strait, arose among the French during the build-up of armed forces under Louis XIV in the 17th century. With artillery fire, he was supposed to protect the approaches to the seaport of Rochefort from the raids of enemy ships.
However, upon examining the construction site, the chief royal engineer de Vauban realized the complexity of the task. He told the Sun King: "Sire, it is easier to grip the moon with your teeth than to build a fortress in such a place."
The construction of the fort was started only in 1801 by order of Napoleon Bonaparte and, with long interruptions, was completed in 1857.
The erected building was oval in shape, 68 meters long and 31 meters wide. The erected walls reach a height of 20 meters. There is an open courtyard in the center of the fort. On the ground floor there are warehouses and premises for soldiers and officers. The floor above contains casemates for guns and warehouses. Even higher are the rooms for barbet guns and mortars.
The garrison of Fort Boyard numbered 250 people. By the time its construction was completed, rifled weapons were widely used in the world. Rifled guns fired farther and more accurately than the old smooth-bore guns. The Antios Strait could now be controlled by long-range artillery from the shore. Fort Boyar was not needed.
After 1871, Fort Boyard was briefly a military prison before being abandoned entirely in the early 20th century. As time went on, the fort slowly collapsed and was covered with a half-meter layer of bird guano. In the 1950s - 1980s, it was resold from hand to hand.
In 1990, the brightest page in the history of a hitherto unknown building begins. Shooting of the TV show of the same name begins at Fort Boyar. For 26 seasons in a row, its rules remain unchanged in general terms: a team of daredevils challenges the missions, secrets and mysteries of the fort. If they win, they will receive a monetary reward. At the same time, they are surrounded by the charismatic dwarfs Passepartout and Pastam, the elder Fura, Monsieur Lyaboul, and the tiger tamer Felindra.
Perhaps everyone knows the main characters of this program, in which domestic teams of pop stars, politicians, and athletes also took part. To win, they had to face the mysterious personalities of the inhabitants of the fort, live tigers, snakes and spiders.
The hero of the TV show, built by order of the Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte, Fort Bayard keeps many secrets and secrets, like others 20 unusual islands around the world.
Popular by topic
The photographer arranged a photo session for the couple, who have been together for 72 years, to show what true love looks like
True love … What is it and does it exist? We are all looking for an answer to this question. There are also lucky ones who know him. What is the secret to the strength and longevity of a happy love relationship? In joy and sorrow, illness and health, poverty and wealth … three quarters of a century of true beauty of true feelings
Most of the world has been calculating time for four centuries using a calendar called the Gregorian. The year of this calendar is divided into 12 months and lasts 365 days. One additional day is added every four years. Such a year is called a leap year. This is necessary in order to remove the difference between the movement of the sun and the calendar. This concept was introduced in the late 16th century by Pope Gregory XIII as a reform of the Julian calendar. The Gregorian calendar is generally accepted because
For which the classic of illustration, who painted "Murzilka" and Soviet posters, was expelled from the technical school
Drawings by Tatyana Eremina are known to every Soviet person who held the Murzilka magazine or the legendary Fashion Magazine in their hands. The posters she drew urged the workers of the home front to work in the name of victory, the illustrations for the fairy tales were accurate and at the same time lyrical … A faithful follower of Deineka, Eremina over the years moved from the posterity of socialist realism to the softness of the graphic language of book graphics - and was remembered as the creator of "those" canon Soviet illustrations
The film about touching childish love, which grew into a deep feeling, was probably watched by millions of viewers. But hardly anyone guessed that the scriptwriter based the film on a very real story about how a boy was in love with a capricious wayward girl right from childhood to the last day. True, the ending of the picture leaves the audience the right to come up with the further destinies of the main characters themselves
For which Valery Zolotukhin was disliked by colleagues and condemned by the audience: The other side of the glory of Bumbarash
June 21 could have turned 80 years old, the famous theater and film actor, People's Artist of Russia Valery Zolotukhin, but 8 years ago he passed away. He played about 90 roles in films, many of which became legendary, but his fame was never unambiguous - he had as many ill-wishers as fans. He was accused of creative jealousy and envy, condemned for excessive frankness and disrespect for women, and once almost the entire Union took up arms against Zolotukhin