Table of contents:
- 1. Thutmose IV
- 2. Buried in the sand
- 3. Solid piece of rock
- 4. Pharaoh Khafre
- 5. Artificial cavity
- 6. "I have been here since the beginning of time."
- 7. Water erosion
- 8. Keeper of the Necropolis
- 9. Hall of records
- 10. Tomb of Osiris
Sometimes referred to as the eighth wonder of the ancient world, the Great Sphinx of Giza is one of the iconic symbols of ancient Egypt. This structure offers modern people an invaluable glimpse into the past. Many hope that one day the Sphinx may help to understand the true purpose of the pyramids, next to which it "sits". Despite everything scientists know (or think they know) about the Sphinx, there are still many questions to be answered. Unsurprisingly, there are many interesting facts and conspiracy theories associated with this monumental sculpture.
1. Thutmose IV
According to legend, Thutmose IV (even before he became pharaoh) fell asleep somehow under the head of the Sphinx, which was already buried up to his neck in the sand at that time. And he dreamed that Sfenx spoke to him about promised that if the Egyptian dug him up, he would become the new pharaoh.
Upon awakening, Thutmose began digging up the sand around his head and continued to do so until he discovered a magnificent structure. According to legend, the Sphinx kept its promise, and this man became Pharaoh Thutmose IV. Interestingly, Thutmose IV is the grandfather of Akhenaten (originally known as Amenhotep IV), an extremely controversial figure in the history of ancient Egypt.
2. Buried in the sand
Over the years, even the best archaeologists have never seen the entire Sphinx. When Napoleon arrived in Egypt in 1798, he saw only the head of the Sphinx. The rest was buried in the sand. Only thanks to the tenacity of the Frenchman Emile Barez, in 1925, the Sphinx was completely cleared of sand deposits.
3. Solid piece of rock
The ancient monument was carved from a huge piece of limestone and is impressive in size (73 meters long and 21 meters high). The Great Sphinx is the largest known sphinx sculpture of the ancient world. To say that this is an amazing achievement in the history of construction and architecture would be an understatement. Many even dispute the fact that people could do this.
However, whoever erected this sculpture - the ancient Egyptians, aliens, or presented some unknown ancient civilization - its importance in the world of archeology can hardly be overestimated. The temple closest to the Sphinx is built of stone blocks weighing more than 200 tons each. Moreover, the blocks were mined at about the same time that the Sphinx was being built.
4. Pharaoh Khafre
Although the importance of the Sphinx for the people who built it is obvious, no inscriptions have been found on this sculpture, no historical documents that would contain at least some information about this monument. Many leading historians and Egyptologists insist on the version that the Sphinx was built at the direction of Pharaoh Khafre.
5. Artificial cavity
In 1997, Joe Jahoda and Dr. Joseph Shore conducted seismological studies, the results of which suggest that there is indeed some kind of empty space under the Sphinx (and, exactly where Casey pointed out). In addition, this blank space was found to be too precise to be of natural origin (perfectly accurate 90-degree angles).
According to two researchers, they believe that this cavity was created artificially.They wanted to get permission from the Egyptian authorities to excavate the area, but they were refused, like all other researchers who wanted to study the issue.
6. "I have been here since the beginning of time."
“I have been here since the beginning of time,” says the inscription on the stele, which is installed between the paws of the Sphinx. According to ancient Egyptian scriptures, then, during the so-called "Zep Tepi", the gods lived and walked next to people. According to ancient records, this was a golden age. Of course, most mainstream historians insist that this is a legend. Others, however, believe that this is real.
One such researcher is Robert Bauval, who studied the Sphinx, its history and its origins for decades. His theory, known as the Orion Correlation Theory, suggests that the location of the Sphinx and the pyramids correlates with the belt of the constellation Orion, and moreover, in 10,450 BC the match was perfect. If this theory is correct, then the Sphinx is at least 12,500 years old, that is, it is much older than historians claim.
7. Water erosion
While leading scientists insist that the Sphinx was probably built around 2500 BC, there is plenty of evidence and ongoing research that suggests the structure is much older. One scientist who has done extensive research on this claim is geologist Robert Schoch. He claims that the water erosion on the sides of the Sphinx is evidence of its real age.
According to Schoch's research, this corrosion has been occurring for thousands of years, which means regular and constant precipitation. And similar weather in Egypt was, according to geological evidence, somewhere between 7,000 and 12,000 years ago. If so, then the Sphinx is at least 12,000 years old, but some argue that it is even hundreds of thousands of years old.
8. Keeper of the Necropolis
Although most historians believe that the face of the Sphinx is the face of the aforementioned Khafre, many argue that the prototype of the statue was not at all human. Some theories suggest that it was a lion, but there is no mention or illustration of lions having a similar "status" in ancient Egyptian society. In addition, the Sphinx pose is not typical of a lion.
Given the enormous amount of effort that had to be made to build the Sphinx, it can be assumed that the animal would be depicted close to reality. The Sphinx's pose is more in line with the way the dog sits. The fact that Anubis, the god with the head of a dog (or jackal), is also considered the "Keeper of the Necropolis" (and the Giza plateau can be considered such a necropolis), it is possible that the Sphinx was originally a statue of Anubis at the time of construction, and then his face was changed.
9. Hall of records
A number of researchers claim that there is a so-called Hall of Records under the Sphinx. If you believe the legend, then it contains esoteric knowledge and a complete history from the beginning of time. There is also a seemingly fantastic version that the keepers of this knowledge are the surviving Atlanteans, who moved to Egypt and preserved invaluable information about their civilization there. The presence of such a hall has been repeatedly announced by a medium and a mystic. But the only way to verify that is to carry out excavations.
10. Tomb of Osiris
The god Osiris is considered to be a creature from myths, but next to the Sphinx there is a grave in which Osiris is supposedly buried. There are many theories today about this. Some scholars believe that this tomb is symbolic, while others are sure that Osiris was a real character and found rest in this particular tomb.
The version about the reality of the existence of Osiris is close to those who share the theory of ancient astronauts and extraterrestrial influence on the culture of Ancient Egypt. They consider Osiris a real alien and his grave a stargate.
Scientists believe that the Egyptian desert holds many more secrets and mysteries to be discovered.In fact, many more structures and artifacts can be buried in the sands. A number of researchers even insist that there is a great opportunity to find another sphinx. For example, Jerry Cannon and Malcolm Hutton note that in almost all ancient Egyptian manuscripts, the sphinxes are depicted in pairs. This means that there is a high probability that the second sphinx (or its ruins) is located somewhere not far from the Great.
Interesting discoveries are being made today. it is impossible not to mention about 5 startling archaeological finds in recent years that made history rewrite.
Popular by topic
The funniest memes that appeared thanks to the senator in mittens and a mask and brought almost 2 million "green"
Joe Biden's inauguration was not without some curiosities. The attention of the whole world has attracted … no, not the newly elected President of the United States, but Bernie Sanders. The name of this politician was hitherto unknown to the general public. The elderly senator made a splash on the Internet with his photo in cute knitted mittens and a disposable mask. In just a day, the network was flooded with hundreds of funny memes with a politician. The best of them are further in the review
How teenagers and rock 'n' roll made vaccination fashionable: King Elvis saves the world from an epidemic
The polio virus has kept millions of parents at bay for years. In America, by 1955, tens of thousands of children were infected, many were disabled. Hope came with the discovery of a vaccine against this terrible disease. But those who wanted to be vaccinated were negligible. In search of a solution to this problem, the government attracted the most popular person in the United States at that time - Elvis Presley. The king of rock and roll was able to dramatically change the opinion of all Americans (and not only) about vaccination. How did the musician manage to
Most of the world has been calculating time for four centuries using a calendar called the Gregorian. The year of this calendar is divided into 12 months and lasts 365 days. One additional day is added every four years. Such a year is called a leap year. This is necessary in order to remove the difference between the movement of the sun and the calendar. This concept was introduced in the late 16th century by Pope Gregory XIII as a reform of the Julian calendar. The Gregorian calendar is generally accepted because
Sir Ernest Shackleton's missing ship, the Endurance, has become a legend. One of the most famous ships in the world sank in the Weddell Sea in Antarctica. This happened during the unfortunate expedition of the explorer in 1914-17 and marked the end of the "heroic era" of the exploration of the ice continent. Over the years, there have been many attempts to locate the crash site, but they were all unsuccessful. A fearless scientist named John Shears is set to take another one in early 2022. Why is he t
Modern science has long proved that Africa is the homeland of humanity. The history of this continent is incredibly ancient and very rich. Since ancient times, the Europeans have established trade relations with various regions of this continent. Then the "white people" tried with might and main to belittle the knowledge and power of the African empire. The age-old ignorance of the truth has cost everyone dearly. New history and recent research fundamentally change the historically formed erroneous stereotype of European superiority