Video: For which the classic of illustration, who painted "Murzilka" and Soviet posters, was expelled from the technical school
2023 Author: Richard Flannagan | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-05-24 13:10
Drawings by Tatyana Eremina are known to every Soviet person who held the Murzilka magazine or the legendary Fashion Magazine in their hands. The posters she drew urged the workers of the home front to work in the name of victory, the illustrations for the fairy tales were accurate and at the same time lyrical … A faithful follower of Deineka, Eremina over the years moved from the posterity of socialist realism to the softness of the graphic language of book graphics - and was remembered as the creator of "those" canonical Soviet illustrations.
Tatyana Eremina was born in Moscow in 1912. Moscow was the main city of her life, and many subjects of her works turned out to be connected with Moscow - the Christmas tree market, the New Year's bustle … The father of the future artist was a civil engineer, her mother was a microbiologist. The atmosphere of creativity reigned in the family. We often chose to walk on the Arbat - we lived nearby. The talent of Tatyana and her sister Natalya manifested itself very early. Since childhood, girls could not imagine themselves without paints and brushes in their hands. Parents strongly supported their hobby. It is known that one of the teachers of young Tatiana was the itinerant artist Ivan Petrovich Bogdanov, she also studied with Mikhail Fedorovich Shemyakin.
Already in the mid-twenties, even before entering the Moscow State Technical School of Fine Arts and in the first years of her studies, she painted genre scenes and illustrated literary works. These works are executed in a laconic graphic language, the lines are bold and confident. The young artist's cursory sketches accurately and with light irony capture the social life of the NEP times. Surprisingly, despite significant successes, Eremina was … expelled from the technical school. And for what - for bad behavior! According to the artist herself, at that time she began to smoke - frivolously, demonstratively, in order to look like an adult … This event, however, did not in any way affect her further education and creative career.
In 1931, Tatyana Eremina entered the Moscow Institute of Fine Arts, where Grabar, Favorsky and many other all-Union famous artists, living classics taught in those years. But the real inspiration for her was Alexander Deineka. In the works of Eremina, especially the early ones, one can clearly see … not even his influence - her desire to preserve in her own drawings the best, pure, strong and bold that was in Deineka's painting. Throughout his life, until his last days, Deineka remained a faithful mentor and good friend of the artist. She graduated from the institute with honors, and her graduation work was a series of posters dedicated to Soviet women. The strong-willed and inspired heroines of the posters clearly read the relationship with the athletes of Deineka …
In the thirties and forties, there was no talk of cocky schoolgirls and dreamy princesses in the works of Eremina. She made her debut as a poster artist. Socialist labor, endless titanic construction projects, agriculture … Still, many of her posters were dedicated to women - women's education, the career of young mothers, support from the state. It was a very fruitful period for Tatyana Eremina, when, along with the glorification of socialism, she was engaged in her own, independent art, became interested in lithography, and actively participated in art exhibitions. During the war years, a new application was found for her talent as a poster artist - Eremina created many propaganda posters calling on the workers - mostly workers - of the rear to work in the name of victory.
After World War II, Eremina came to work at the legendary Detgiz, a publishing house for children's literature, which has become a home for many outstanding graphic artists. Since 1949 she was mainly engaged in illustrating children's books. However, in those same years, she actively collaborated with periodicals. The most fruitful was her collaboration with the "Fashion Magazine", which owned the minds of all women in the Soviet Union, and "Murzilka" - the favorite magazine of all Soviet children.
So, children come to replace the harsh female workers of collective farms in Tatiana Eremina's drawings. Ruddy, laughing, mobile, happy children of a happy country - this is how they appear before the viewer. Schoolyards, quiet streets, noisy games, today almost forgotten - all this appears in her illustrations. Here the kids are rolling down the hill - and in the distance the sun illuminates the Spasskaya Tower. Here is a family scurrying about in search of New Year's gifts … Even openly "politicized", propaganda plots in Eremina's later illustrations become cozy and enchanting with their naivety. The artist was also superbly successful in the nature of her native country - discreet, dim, gentle. Thin birch twigs against the background of a rosy sky, the smoke of a burning stove, blue shadows in the snow …
Tatyana Eremina has always had good relationships with people. She was warmly friends not only with Alexander Deineka, but also with Boris Messerer, Agnia Barto, James Patterson and many other talents and celebrities. She illustrated the books of many famous writers - the same Barto, Marshak, Paustovsky, and everyone's favorite storytellers - Andersen and Perrault … In 1966 she received the title of Honored Artist of the RSFSR - just for illustrations to the books of Konstantin Paustovsky.
The name of Tatyana Eremina never resounded throughout the Soviet Union, and now only connoisseurs and researchers of Soviet graphics will remember her. It's just that her work was everywhere - at exhibitions and in magazines, on posters and book pages. She continued to do what she loved until the last years of her long and endlessly creative life. The works of Tatyana Eremina, a classic of Soviet illustration, are kept in the Tretyakov Gallery and the State Russian Museum. Collectors keen on Soviet art hunt for her small drawings and cozy lithographs. And those who managed to keep old children's books with her illustrations in their bookcase can admire her works, so warm and nostalgic.