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Russian lawmakers intend to protect children from harmful information
Russian lawmakers intend to protect children from harmful information
Russian lawmakers intend to protect children from harmful information

The State Duma currently has a draft law requiring consideration: the authors propose to entrust the Ministry of Digital with even more powers to monitor compliance with the law "On the protection of children from information that harms them …" (hereinafter - the law on the protection of children from harmful information). So the authors propose to entrust the ministry with the development and implementation of a program to identify harmful information, the development of an algorithm for recognizing information harmful to children, the procedure for labeling products containing information that is not suitable for children.

What does the current law mean by malicious information now?

According to its provisions, it is recognized as such:

• any informational calls for action, the consequences of which may lead to the death or injury of a teenager, psychological trauma;

• information that makes a child (adolescent) want to drink alcohol, smoke tobacco, take any kind of drugs, play gambling;

• porn (without explanation), incl. description - text, image;

• information with negative attitudes directed against the traditional values ​​of Russian society: denial of the value, significance and role of the family, parents, disrespect for parents, promotion of non-traditional sexual relations;

• informational justification for any manifestation of violence in any situation, in relation to any subject;

• informational justification for violation of the current law, causing children to misconception about what is permitted and prohibited, the purpose of prohibiting criminal offenses;

• checkmate (without explanation);

• personal data of the child victim (for obvious reasons).

Now the law requires on printed, audiovisual products to put a special badge-marking on objects coming into free circulation. The badge should occupy 5% of the total surface area of ​​the object being sold containing information harmful to children. Exceptions to the general rule are live broadcasts on television and historical, artistic objects of special cultural value (paintings, sculptures in a museum, for example).

Today's bill will save manufacturers and buyers from overly mandatory labeling. Nowadays information products are marked by age (0+, 6+, 12+, 16+, 18+). When the amendments are adopted, only the maximum value (18+) will remain.

How innovation will protect children

Notebooks, diaries, books, music and video covers are expected to match the content of the intended user.

In the case of the sale in a public place (supermarket) of products intended for persons whose age has crossed the threshold of 18, the front pages of periodicals or the cover of the book should not contain prohibited items (the best example is the book "50 shades of gray", the magazine "Playboy", etc.). etc.). Such products must be individually packaged so that children, if they have access at a point of sale, do not have the opportunity to freely familiarize themselves with the content. It will also be prohibited to distribute such information objects in places where children regularly stay (schools, sections, summer camps, sanatoriums).

The initiative is clear and predictable. Recently, the statistics of child suicide has been alarmingly creeping upward (especially in the Moscow region and St. Petersburg).

Groups are periodically identified in social networks with calls to commit suicide, to injure themselves in other ways for a reward. The target audience of such “death groups” is children, the most vulnerable group due to the lack of life experience and knowledge. Just what is the recent banning by the court of the cultural capital of several anime cartoons ("Death Note", etc.), which became the reasons for several adolescent suicides in the capital region and the Leningrad region.

It is clear that the new policy of the authorities is aimed at protecting the minority population from participating in illegal actions. Commendable is the desire to force the information market to educate the younger generation in the tradition of respecting parents and families. However, there are still more questions than answers.

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