Alexander Sergeevich Pushkin, while studying at the Tsarskoye Selo Lyceum, devoted 18 hours a week to calligraphy. Among the most successful pedagogical projects in history, the Lyceum occupies one of the first places. Of course, this is not only the merit of calligraphy lessons, but what is hidden behind beautiful letters and what effect does calligraphy have on a person?
Experiments carried out by leading Japanese companies have shown that calligraphy training improves the potential of employees and allows them to more effectively train personnel for the development of innovative technologies. Nowadays in Japan it is even practice to pay for the services of a calligrapher sensei, who deals with the company's employees in between performing their duties.
Calligraphy resembles gymnastics, which has a positive effect on the process of breathing, relaxation and coordination of various muscles, the development of fine motor skills, which together leads to more efficient and faster brain work.
Yuan Pu, calligrapher, assistant professor at the Beijing Institute of Graphic Communication, in his article "Calligraphy and Health" provides data on the impact of calligraphy on the human body.
Teaching calligraphy to children with autism and such disorders as attention disorder, hyperactivity, mental retardation, gives a noticeable effect - the ability to think logically, reasoning, mathematics, and art improves. The letter has a positive effect on the studied patients with Alzheimer's disease, there is a strengthening of memory, improved coordination of movements, orientation in space.
American neuroscientists have found that calligraphic writing activates an extremely important area of the cerebral cortex - Broca's center, which is responsible for the formation of speech. Also, during calligraphy classes, an increase in the activity of the right hemisphere of the brain is noted, which in turn stimulates an increase in the reaction speed in both hemispheres - that is, the brain works much more efficiently.Specialists say that systematic calligraphy classes allow children not only to achieve special success in learning in various disciplines, develop attention, short-term and imaginative memory, but also improve health.
The history of calligraphy goes deep into the past and is closely connected with the emergence of writing. In East Asia, calligraphy of hieroglyphs was equated with painting and occupied an important niche in the culture of China and Japan. Chinese calligraphic writing, called "music for the eyes", still retains its status as a highly revered form of visual art. Calligraphy in the Muslim world has taken on certain features associated with the prohibition of the Quran to depict people and animals - words that form a pattern or drawing, this prohibition is not violated.
The reputation of calligraphy is reinforced by the very fact of its centuries-old existence: from the moment of the appearance of writing among the ancient Greeks and Romans to the present time, whole nations and states have disappeared, languages have appeared and disappeared - the art of beautiful writing of letters continued to exist and promises to remain popular in the future. in the era of digital technology development.
As for Pushkin, in addition to doing calligraphy, he also drew cartoons of friends, about which book biographies are often silent.