Old Russian female jewelry headdress of the 11th - 13th centuries, drawings-reconstruction by Oleg Fedorov
Old Russian female jewelry headdress of the 11th - 13th centuries, drawings-reconstruction by Oleg Fedorov

Video: Old Russian female jewelry headdress of the 11th - 13th centuries, drawings-reconstruction by Oleg Fedorov

Video: Old Russian female jewelry headdress of the 11th - 13th centuries, drawings-reconstruction by Oleg Fedorov
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Ancient Russian female jewelry headdress of the 11th - 13th centuries
Ancient Russian female jewelry headdress of the 11th - 13th centuries

Oleg Fedorov's drawings-reconstructions stand out against the background of the historical works of other artists primarily due to the reliability of the smallest details. Fedorov's reconstructions are based on current archaeological and scientific data; many works have been created for major museums in collaboration with leading scientists and specialists. A selection of drawings on the theme of ancient Russian women's jewelry headdress gives us the opportunity to see how our great-great- (50 times great) -grandmothers could have looked almost a thousand years ago.

Grand Duchess in full dress, con. XII-early. XIII centuries Based on materials from the hoards of Old Ryazan in 1822 and 1992. With the use of the overlaid koruna for the icon of the Mother of God of Bogolyubskaya
Grand Duchess in full dress, con. XII-early. XIII centuries Based on materials from the hoards of Old Ryazan in 1822 and 1992. With the use of the overlaid koruna for the icon of the Mother of God of Bogolyubskaya

Scientists claim that virtually every fair-skinned European is a descendant or relative of at least one of the European royal houses. It can be assumed that almost every inhabitant of the European part of Russia, Ukraine or Belarus is a descendant or relative of at least one of the Russian princely families. This means that it is quite possible that we see our distant grandmothers in the drawings-reconstructions of the ancient Russian women's headdress.

Russian princess in an enamel headdress with a diadem and kolts, second half of the 12th - early 13th centuries. Based on the materials of the Kiev treasures
Russian princess in an enamel headdress with a diadem and kolts, second half of the 12th - early 13th centuries. Based on the materials of the Kiev treasures

Thanks to the works of Oleg Fedorov, the heroes of Old Russian chronicles and epics acquire authentic faces, appearing before their descendants as real people. And it immediately becomes clear that despite the difference of a thousand years, by and large the life of our ancestors was not much different from ours. We love and hate alike, make friends and fight, have fun and be sad, raise children and die.

A woman in a headdress with uvine-shaped earpieces, late 10th - early 11th centuries. Based on materials from treasures from Gnezdovo near Smolensk
A woman in a headdress with uvine-shaped earpieces, late 10th - early 11th centuries. Based on materials from treasures from Gnezdovo near Smolensk

Under the impression of the ancient Russian female images of the artist Fedorov, the emotional experiences of an unknown woman in love who lived in Novgorod at the beginning of the 12th century become close and understandable. A birch bark letter with her letter to her beloved was found by archaeologists during excavations:

Slavic woman in a headdress with bell-shaped pendants and a mesh-bottom. Based on materials from the hoards of Old Ryazan and Novgorod land, c. n. XII century
Slavic woman in a headdress with bell-shaped pendants and a mesh-bottom. Based on materials from the hoards of Old Ryazan and Novgorod land, c. n. XII century

Oleg Vladimirovich Fedorov was born in the city of Omsk in 1964. In 1988 he graduated from the All-Union State Institute of Cinematography (VGIK). He worked at the film studio. Gorky, taught painting and drawing at the Moscow Art Theater School.

Russian woman in a headdress with kolts on ryasny and a headdress, the second half of the 12th century
Russian woman in a headdress with kolts on ryasny and a headdress, the second half of the 12th century

From the beginning of the 1990s he became interested in history. Began to engage in the reconstruction of clothing, weapons, everyday life of Russian and steppe warriors of the Middle Ages (9-17 centuries). Since 1996, Fedorov's works have been published in various journals, scientific and popular science books of Russian and foreign publishing houses.

Old Russian woman in a headdress with kolts and three-bead rings, XII century. Based on materials from a hoard from Staraya Ryazan, 1970
Old Russian woman in a headdress with kolts and three-bead rings, XII century. Based on materials from a hoard from Staraya Ryazan, 1970

In 1996 he took part with drawings-reconstructions in the exhibition "From the Varangians to the Greeks" of the State Historical Museum (SHM). Since that time, he began to constantly cooperate with museum and scientific workers, archaeologists, historians. Fedorov's drawings-reconstructions are based on reliable archaeological and scientific data, many works were created in collaboration with leading scientists and specialists. The last most famous drawings-reconstructions were made for the new exposition of the State Military-Historical Museum-Reserve "Kulikovo Pole", as well as for the Department of Conservation Excavations of the Institute of Archeology of the Russian Academy of Sciences and the Yaroslavl Museum-Reserve.

Vyatichi woman in a ribbon headdress with temporal rings. Based on materials from the Vyatichi burial mounds from the Moscow region, late 11th century - 12th century
Vyatichi woman in a ribbon headdress with temporal rings. Based on materials from the Vyatichi burial mounds from the Moscow region, late 11th century - 12th century
Reconstruction of the costume and jewelry of a young woman from Dmitrov, late 12th century - early 13th century
Reconstruction of the costume and jewelry of a young woman from Dmitrov, late 12th century - early 13th century
Reconstruction of the costume and jewelry of a girl from Yaroslavl, late 12th - early 13th centuries. Based on materials from the Department of Conservation Excavations of the Institute of Archeology of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Reconstruction of the costume and jewelry of a girl from Yaroslavl, late 12th - early 13th centuries. Based on materials from the Department of Conservation Excavations of the Institute of Archeology of the Russian Academy of Sciences
A Vyatichi girl in a headdress, with temporal rings and a neck mane. Based on materials from the Vyatichi burial mounds, late 11th - 12th centuries
A Vyatichi girl in a headdress, with temporal rings and a neck mane. Based on materials from the Vyatichi burial mounds, late 11th - 12th centuries

Oleg Fedorov's drawings are kept in many private collections in Russia and abroad, are in the expositions of museums in Russia and Ukraine, are often used to recreate ancient costumes by participants in modern reenactment festivals, for example, the historical festival "The First Capital of Rus" in Staraya Ladoga.

In the old days in Russia, girls and women loved luxurious outfits no less than today. Particular attention was paid to headdresses. They were made from the finest fabrics, decorated with silver and gold embroidery, sequins, beads and pearls. In our review 20 photos of hats worn by women two hundred years ago.

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