What secrets are kept by the mysterious pyramids of Tucum, which existed even before the Incas
What secrets are kept by the mysterious pyramids of Tucum, which existed even before the Incas
Anonim

There is an ancient and mysterious place in Peru. It is believed to have special power. These are the pyramids of Tucum, which existed here even before the Incas. Many ancient artifacts are hidden here, but the history of the origin of these objects and the culture of their contemporaries is still one of the most interesting mysteries for archaeologists and historians of South America. Well, for tourists, this is another exotic attraction that excites the imagination.

King enthroned in Tukuma, reconstruction. Guida ARCHEO

The ancient city of Tucum is considered the last great capital of the kingdom of Lambayeque, located on the northern coast of Peru in the foothills of the Andes and originated around 700 AD. Representatives of the Lambayeque culture were the forerunners of the Incas.

Pyramids in Peru

Tukume included two districts: the southern one was residential and industrial, and the northern one was intended for religious rituals - here were the pyramids.

The construction of these unique objects, according to researchers, began around 1000, when the city turned into an important regional center after the destruction of the pyramid complex in Batan Grande. It was a settlement with an area of ​​about two thousand square kilometers, on which there were 26 large pyramids and mounds. They were built in several stages, and each stage belonged to a certain dynastic generation of rulers. The ancient builders used clay as a material.

Valley of Mounds and Pyramids in Peru

The outer surface of the pyramids was for the most part decorated with a series of horizontal successive protrusions running around the entire circumference of the adobe structure.

The city of Lambayeque continued to flourish in Tucuma until the kingdom was captured and replaced by the highly developed pre-Columbian culture of Chimu (1375), then the Incas (1470), and even later (from 1532) by the Spanish conquistadors.

This place was considered unclean

By the time the Spanish chronicler Pedro Cieza de Leon traveled between Jayanka and Tucuma in 1547, the pre-Hispanic city center had already been destroyed and abandoned. Leon indicated this in his notes. According to scientists, the pyramids were set on fire by the Spanish conquerors, after which the locals left this place, considering it unclean.

It is interesting that the pyramids of Tukume (or rather, what was left of them) were discovered by chance by black diggers who were looking for gold here. In 1894, the researcher Hans Heinrich Brüning began a systematic study of them.

Excavations are still underway here

The objects are arranged in a strictly defined order, they are built around a local mountain. Each pyramid has a patio and storage annexes. The most prominent pyramid is Huaca Larga. Its length is 700 meters!

And when researchers opened the tombs, many ancient artifacts were found inside. Now they can be seen in the local museum. Thanks to these findings, one can learn about various aspects of the domestic life of the ancient townspeople, about the production processes in those distant years (in particular, about mastering the methods of metallurgy) and, of course, about the cults and beliefs of this civilization - for example, about amulets.

There are many interesting artifacts here

Alas, since the discovery of the pyramids, many finds have been plundered by looters. At the same time, according to scientists, even more artifacts have not yet been found - in particular, some are hidden under the greenery growing in these places.

Much more unexplored is hidden under the grass and bushes

Local shamans claim that the pyramids of Tukume and this place itself have healing powers.Until now, ancient pagan rituals are held here.

A place of power that the inhabitants left several centuries ago

Tourists can get to the mysterious city from Lima or Trujillo either by air or by bus.

It's not easy to get here

There is still a lot of mystery left on Earth. Lovers of such architectural and historical mysteries can, for example, try to solve the mystery Indian temple, which is carved from solid rock

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