Table of contents:
- The birth of a legend
- Elizabeth Taylor and La Peregrina
- Pearls in history
- Symbol of holiness
- Pearls in geopolitics
- La Peregrina in art
- Where is the unique gem now
Historians say that pearls are the first stone known to mankind. He has always been a symbol of power. It was worn by monarchs and the highest ranks. Pearls are mentioned even in the Book of Books - the Bible. The image of this stone is covered with myths and legends. One of the most famous pearls in the world, La Peregrina has been a mystical stone from the beginning. The history of this jewelry is rich in mysterious events that defy rational explanation. The adventures of one of the most mysterious gems in the world, a unique stone called "rare, whimsical and special", is further in the review.
The birth of a legend
La Peregrina, which means Pilgrim in Spanish, is a truly royal gem. Not only because of their enormous size. She was part of the royal collection of numerous monarchs of Spain. The pilgrim is a teardrop-shaped pearl weighing 58.5 carats. Even her discovery is shrouded in a train of legend.
According to one version, the stone was discovered on the Panamanian coast by a slave. After that, the governor of Seville, Diego de Tebesa, began to own it. The nobleman presented it to King Philip II. The second version says that the Pilgrim was presented to the European conquerors by the chief of the Pearl Island in Panama. Then the stone ended up in the hands of a Spanish merchant. He sold it to Diego de Teesa. The governor's wife wore pearls for almost two decades, and then sold them to the wife of Carlos I, Empress Isabella. At the same time, La Peregrina, with which the queen adorned herself, first appears in her portrait by Titian. This version is confirmed by the historian Francisco Lopez.
Years later, Philip II became the owner of the Pilgrim. After that, the pearl came to the Queen of England, Mary Tudor. Maria just fell in love with this gem, there is not a single image of her without it. Despite all her passion for this decoration, the queen understood that it must remain in Spain in order to become the legacy of the future monarchs of Spain. This is how the Pilgrim was passed down from generation to generation in the Spanish royal family.
The Spanish succession of La Peregrina was interrupted by Joseph Bonaparte in 1808. When he seized the Spanish throne, he took out all the treasures of the royal family, including the famous pearl. After that, it became the property of Bonaparte's wife, Julie Clary. Subsequently, the gem was inherited by Carlos Napoleon Bonaparte, who became Napoleon III. After that, the Marquis of Abercorn became the owner, who broke the chain of royal succession to La Peregrina. In 1969, a London jewelery firm bought the pearl.
Elizabeth Taylor and La Peregrina
In the same year, the Pilgrim was bought at auction by actor Richard Burton for his wife Elizabeth Taylor. She, like many women before her, fell in love with this stone. He adorned her neck not only at various social events, but also in many films. The incomparable Elizabeth added even more value to the stone by framing it in a ruby necklace.
One day, Taylor nearly lost her pearl. Wanting to put on her favorite piece of jewelry, the actress suddenly discovered that he was not there.Losing her dignity and remnants of self-control, the woman crawled on all fours on the carpet in the hotel room, feeling every centimeter. The teardrop pearl was nowhere to be found. Suddenly she noticed that one of her Pekingese was chewing something very thoughtfully. It was La Peregrina, for which her husband recently paid a fortune!
Pearls in history
La Peregrina's impressive history shows how important pearls have played in human culture at all times. Pearls were considered a symbol of beauty, power, power and wealth. This gemstone became synonymous with glamor and glory in the 1950s and 1960s. It was worn by such famous women as Coco Chanel, Jackie Kennedy and Marilyn Monroe, as well as all representatives of the aristocratic strata of society in the 20th century.
The cultural significance of pearls is worth looking for in ancient times. Archaeologists date back evidence of the extraction of this gemstone as early as 5000 BC in different places on the coast of the Indian Ocean. Pearls have taken over the minds of people so much that it has led to a real obsession. Pearl hunters have formed one of the world's oldest trading networks. She connected all the mining centers of this gem of the Red Sea coast, the Persian Gulf, India and Sri Lanka with all the important cities of that time. In ancient Greece, pearls became a symbol of the goddess of love, Aphrodite. The ancient Greeks believed that she was born from the foam of the sea. Most often she was depicted in a shell and in a scattering of pearl jewelry. This left its mark on art. Pearls have come to be considered a symbol of perfect beauty.
The ancient Romans treated this gem with special fanaticism. In the texts of Pliny the Elder, dating back to the 1st century BC, it is said that pearls are the most important of all earthly treasures. Pearls are present in all portraits of that time. But not everyone could afford it. Mostly imitation glass and silver were worn. Pearls were highly prized. So much so that one ancient Roman commander, according to Suetonius, was able to pay for a military campaign by selling just one of his mother's pearls. Suetonius also argued that the Roman invasion of Britain was prompted by the expectation of finding pearl-rich sites in the rivers of the barbarian country.
Symbol of holiness
There are several stories associated with pearls in the Bible. Jesus tells what the kingdom of heaven is like, comparing it to a precious pearl. In the Gospel of Matthew there is the following parable: "The Kingdom of Heaven is like a merchant seeking good pearls, who, having found one precious pearl, went out and sold everything that he had and bought it."
It was a rare stone, its singularity and great value made pearls an appropriate symbol of holiness. Early Christians even criticized some people for considering pearls to be mere adornments without realizing their true meaning.
Extraordinary beauty, great value and spiritual purity - all these were the qualities of pearls even when the largest pearl ever seen was found. At the end of the 16th century, La Peregrina was found in the Gulf of Panama. The fact that this pearl acquired the status of a royal stone for a long time speaks volumes.
Pearls in geopolitics
The conquest and colonization of the Americas by Spain began with the discoveries of Christopher Columbus. One of the most significant discoveries he made in these new lands was the mining of impressive pearls. The New World was a real treasure chest. So the pearls in the portraits of the royals of that time symbolize not only purity and beauty. This is also the blood, death and tears of the conquered peoples, the colossal profits from the colonies and the incredible power obtained thanks to this.
La Peregrina has always been a royal decoration. Portraits of Spanish monarchs with her begin with the image of the Spanish Queen Margaret of Austria (wife of Philip III) by Juan Pantoj de la Cruz.Then the Pilgrim adorned the Queen of France Elizabeth (wife of Philip IV) in her portrait painted by Velazquez. In Spain, La Peregrina has become a symbol of the most royal lineage. King Philip IV wore a pearl on his hat.
In all the portraits of that time, by Cruz, Velazquez and Rubens, all women look rather prim, formal and inexpressive. This was the etiquette established for royal portraits. There were a very limited number of allowed positions, you couldn't even smile. La Peregrina was intended to fill the image of each queen with virtue and wealth.
La Peregrina in art
There were several pearls in the world called La Peregrina. They were similar in shape and size. The most famous of these in art history is undoubtedly the pearl in Vermeer's 1664 Girl with a Pearl Earring. Most likely it was either a fantasy of a poor artist, or a fake. Vermeer could not afford such an expensive stone.
The master used the image of this jewel in many of his paintings. This served as a sign of high status and wealth. Sometimes pearls assumed a religious connotation, being a symbol of spiritual purity. Vermeer was a Catholic in a Protestant country, it was important for him to reflect his vision of the Christian faith.
Where is the unique gem now
The original La Peregrina remained in the possession of the Spanish royal family until the early 19th century. In 1808, Napoleon invaded Spain and placed his brother Joseph Bonaparte on the throne. When the hated French were expelled from the country five years later, Bonaparte took with him the treasures of the Spanish crown, including the famous pearl. In France, Joseph presented the Pilgrim to his daughter-in-law Hortense de Beauharnais. Then the stone was inherited by her son Charles Louis Napoleon Bonaparte, the future Napoleon III.
When Emperor Napoleon III needed money, he sold the pearl to James Hamilton, Duke of Abercorn. He presented it as a gift to his wife Louise. She lost it and found it several times. The Abercorns owned the Pilgrim until 1969. Then Richard Burton bought the pearl.
After Elizabeth Taylor managed to extract the pearl from her Pekingese, she became even more valuable to her. La Peregrina has been immortalized in film art, more than once adorning the neck of Taylor's heroines. After the death of the iconic actress, La Peregrina was bought at an auction by an anonymous buyer for $ 11 million.
Real sea pearls are still very valuable. Only one oyster out of ten thousand can give a more or less valuable pearl. There is practically no chance of finding a stone similar to the Pilgrim of the same size and purity. The name "Pilgrim" is quite consistent with the path that this pearl has traveled. From the shell in the Gulf of Panama to the greatest characters in world history. This will always serve as a reminder of how much this stone means to different people. Pearls are not just jewelry. It is a true symbol of imperialism, wealth and power, as well as ideal beauty and spiritual purity.
Another article about a beautiful gem: why pearl hunters were more decent than gold diggers: pearl rush at Lake Caddo.
Popular by topic
The funniest memes that appeared thanks to the senator in mittens and a mask and brought almost 2 million "green"
Joe Biden's inauguration was not without some curiosities. The attention of the whole world has attracted … no, not the newly elected President of the United States, but Bernie Sanders. The name of this politician was hitherto unknown to the general public. The elderly senator made a splash on the Internet with his photo in cute knitted mittens and a disposable mask. In just a day, the network was flooded with hundreds of funny memes with a politician. The best of them are further in the review
Why brides from all over the world go to the post office of a small town: the romantic secret of the province
When you think about the most romantic places on our planet, then this small, provincial, unremarkable town is unlikely to occur to you. But he is known to lovers all over the world. The post office of this village works in the rhythm of a big city. On Valentine's Day and the wedding season, lovers from all over the world want to send congratulations to their soul mate from this particular post office. What is the secret of this American town?
How teenagers and rock 'n' roll made vaccination fashionable: King Elvis saves the world from an epidemic
The polio virus has kept millions of parents at bay for years. In America, by 1955, tens of thousands of children were infected, many were disabled. Hope came with the discovery of a vaccine against this terrible disease. But those who wanted to be vaccinated were negligible. In search of a solution to this problem, the government attracted the most popular person in the United States at that time - Elvis Presley. The king of rock and roll was able to dramatically change the opinion of all Americans (and not only) about vaccination. How did the musician manage to
Most of the world has been calculating time for four centuries using a calendar called the Gregorian. The year of this calendar is divided into 12 months and lasts 365 days. One additional day is added every four years. Such a year is called a leap year. This is necessary in order to remove the difference between the movement of the sun and the calendar. This concept was introduced in the late 16th century by Pope Gregory XIII as a reform of the Julian calendar. The Gregorian calendar is generally accepted because
Sir Ernest Shackleton's missing ship, the Endurance, has become a legend. One of the most famous ships in the world sank in the Weddell Sea in Antarctica. This happened during the unfortunate expedition of the explorer in 1914-17 and marked the end of the "heroic era" of the exploration of the ice continent. Over the years, there have been many attempts to locate the crash site, but they were all unsuccessful. A fearless scientist named John Shears is set to take another one in early 2022. Why is he t