Table of contents:
- Nadezhda Krupskaya
- Nina Khrushcheva
- Victoria Brezhneva
- Tatiana Andropova
- Anna Chernenko
- Raisa Gorbacheva
- Naina Yeltsina
- Lyudmila Putina
- Svetlana Medvedeva
Video: What were the 9 former first ladies of the USSR and Russia doing after their husbands left the post of the country's leader
2023 Author: Richard Flannagan | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-11-26 05:58
It is very difficult to be the spouse of the first person of the state, and not every woman can cope with this burden. In addition to the fact that certain responsibilities are imposed on the spouse of the head of state, she has to put up with the increased attention to her personality. Her biography is being studied, and for some reason the slightest flaws in her appearance are not considered indecent to be discussed in society. And after everything ends, the husband leaves the post, and his wife again goes into the shadows.
After the death of Vladimir Lenin, Nadezhda Konstantinovna devoted herself entirely to work. Her interests included journalism and literature, the organization of the pioneer and women's movements. As a teacher, she did not accept the upbringing system of Anton Makarenko and for some reason she sincerely considered Korney Chukovsky's fairy tales harmful to children. All her life she tried to overcome stereotypes of perception and declare herself as an independent figure, and not just be the wife of a leader. True, in this she never succeeded. She died the day after her 70th birthday due to peritonitis.
For some reason, Nina Kukharchuk, the wife of Nikita Khrushchev, was considered a dense provincial. In fact, she was smart and educated, knew how to maintain a conversation on almost any topic and spoke fluently, in addition to her native Russian, in French, Ukrainian and Polish, Nina Petrovna knew English. Perhaps she did not look as elegant and presentable as Jacqueline Kennedy, who, by the way, was almost 30 years younger than Khrushchev's wife. But the Americans were impressed by her subtle mind. Even David Rockefeller praised the wife of Nikita Khrushchev, saying after talking with Nina Petrovna that she is very well versed in economics.
After the resignation of Nikita Khrushchev, the spouses finally registered their marriage (before that they did not officially sign), and after that they quietly lived in their dacha. Having buried her husband, Nina Petrovna led a very secluded life in Zhukovka. She received an increased pension and could be served in a special clinic, as well as use an official car on call. She died 13 years after the death of her husband.
After the death of Leonid Ilyich, his widow was forgotten by everyone. Her life was very difficult. The daughter suffered from alcohol addiction, the granddaughter was left homeless, and part of Victoria Petrovna's property was confiscated and her pension was reduced. The widow of the secretary general had a severe form of diabetes and she almost never appeared in public, preferring not to draw attention to herself. In 1995, Victoria Brezhneva passed away.
The wife of Yuri Andropov in 1956 witnessed the brutal suppression of the uprising in Hungary, after which she suffered from mental illness and, according to some sources, began to use drugs. She experienced panic attacks when crowded or in an open space. After the death of her husband, who until the last day of his life wrote poetry for his wife, Tatyana Filippovna almost never left her own apartment and generally tried not to attract attention to herself. In 1991, Tatyana Andropova died.
After the death of Konstantin Chernenko, who held the country's highest post for a very short time, his widow lived quite modestly. While she retained benefits, she was engaged in charity work, but the pension of 4 thousand rubles left for her did not allow her to make any additional spending. Anna Chernenko passed away in 2010.
The wife of Mikhail Gorbachev often irritated Soviet women with her active position. She was engaged in social activities, invariably accompanied her husband during receptions, visits and foreign trips, helped children who suffered from the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant. During the 1991 coup, Raisa Maksimovna suffered a microstroke, and after the resignation of Mikhail Gorbachev, she began to quickly give up. She died in 1999 from blood cancer.
After the resignation of her husband, Naina Yeltsina did not stop engaging in social activities. When Boris Yeltsin was gone, Naina Iosifovna joined the Board of Trustees of the B. N. Yeltsin and began to take an active part in all events dedicated to his memory. She wrote a book of memoirs "Personal Life", was awarded the Order of the Holy Great Martyr Catherine in 2017, and in 2011 entered the top five most influential women in Russia.
Vladimir Putin still holds the post of President of Russia, but Lyudmila Alexandrovna since 2013 can no longer be the first lady, since the Putin divorced a long time ago. Lyudmila Alexandrovna herself admitted: the status of the first lady requires a colossal exertion of all forces. At some point, she just got tired of being in full view all the time. After the divorce, Lyudmila Putina tried to attract as little attention to herself as possible, she got married a second time, taking her husband's surname - Ocheretnaya. She does not give interviews, and there is practically no information about what Vladimir Putin's ex-wife is doing. It is only known that real estate in an elite village near Moscow has been purchased in her name over the past few years.
Dmitry Medvedev's wife, after her husband's resignation, continued to engage in social activities. She is known today as a curator of spiritual and educational programs, benefactor and trustee. In particular, she assisted in the restoration of the Kronstadt Naval Cathedral and in the construction of the Church of the Transfiguration of the Lord in Moscow.
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