Table of contents:
- Who started the gossip about the love affair of Anna and Nicholas II
- Confirmations found in the poems of Anna Akhmatova
- How biographers searched for evidence of the novel and how it ended
- Akhmatova's attitude to rumors and the secret of the birth of her son
Lev Nikolaevich Gumilev left a significant mark on history. He was a historian and ethnologist, archaeologist and orientalist. He is known as a talented translator. The author of interesting philosophical works. He presented the world with a passionate theory of ethnogenesis, which is still admired. However, from the moment of birth, the child of the poet Akhmatova and the poet Gumilyov was involved in scandals. For example, there were rumors that the boy was the son of the Russian Emperor Nicholas II. Is it so? Read in the material.
Who started the gossip about the love affair of Anna and Nicholas II
The first time rumors that Akhmatova's child was the son of Nicholas II arose in 1934. The gossip was initiated by Yuri Annenkov, who published his "Tale of Trivia" in Berlin. The work contains a record that among lovers of literature and poetry there was talk about the love affair of the tsar and the poetess.
In 1966, a poem was written by Yaroslav Smelyakov in memory of Akhmatova, where there was a direct allusion to Anna's romance with Nicholas II. The topic of the passionate connection between Akhmatova and the emperor was actively discussed by the Evsevyevs, Vladimir and Natalya. This pair of literary scholars was known to readers under the strange pseudonym VIN. The Evsevievs claimed that during their residence in Provence they communicated with immigrants from Russia, who chose France as their country of residence after the revolution. Allegedly, many of them revolved among the beau monde of St. Petersburg at the beginning of the 20th century, and said that the novel of the poetess and Nicholas II really took place, and there was an unprecedented passion and mental anguish in it.
For example, Vera Bulygina, who called herself a friend of Akhmatova's youth, claimed that Anna was madly in love with Nikolai and was tormented by jealousy. Akhmatova was especially irritated by the ballerina Matilda Kshesinskaya, very petite and feminine, who outwardly was her complete opposite.
Confirmations found in the poems of Anna Akhmatova
Rumors have led some researchers to search for evidence of this strange novel. The poems of Akhmatova were analyzed. The writers believed that Anna dedicated all the lines of her works, which spoke of the "gray-eyed" man, to Nicholas II. The emperor had exactly gray beautiful eyes. The work "The Gray-Eyed King" (1910), where the poetess talks about the moral suffering of a married woman who lost her beloved king, was especially carefully studied.
Another hint was found among the poems of the debut collection (it was called "Evening" and appeared in 1912). At that time, Akhmatova was already married to Gumilyov and was carrying a child. In "Confusion" (1913) Akhmatova again writes about mysterious eyes that can "tame" a rebellious woman.
How biographers searched for evidence of the novel and how it ended
Taking this version into service, Akhmatova's biographers set about searching for facts that Anna's child Lev Gumilyov was the son of Emperor Nicholas. We found out that Akhmatova and the tsar could meet in Tsarskoe Selo, where Anna attended the Mariinsky women's gymnasium.
The Gorenko family (and this is Anna's real surname) lived in an alley called Bezymyanny. The house looked out onto the Alexander Palace, where one could often see Nikolai Alexandrovich walking in the park.Perhaps it was in the park that Akhmatova and the Russian Emperor met. According to critics of the poet's work, her first collections, which were written from 1912 to 1914, were incredibly successful. It is strange that Anna herself spoke of them as "helpless." The ill-wishers believed that the reason for the success was precisely the love affair of the author of the poems and the king - who would criticize the favorite of the emperor?
There was one more fact that researchers pay attention to: Anna treated the name Nikolai with incomprehensible trepidation and the representatives of the male half of humanity who wear it. From this it was concluded that in this way Akhmatova "stifled" sad emotions in relation to Nicholas II. This name was borne by many men with whom the poet was close: that was the name of the writer Gumilyov, art critic Punin, critic Nedobrov.
Akhmatova's attitude to rumors and the secret of the birth of her son
For the first time, Emma Gershtein wrote about the alleged genetic relationship of the emperor and Lev Gumilyov in her work about Anna Akhmatova. She was a literary critic, as well as a friend of the poet and the mistress of Leo. In her notes, Gershtein noted that Anna could not stand her work "The Gray-Eyed King", for the reason that Leo was born not from a legitimate husband, but from the King, that is, from Emperor Nicholas II.
As for Akhmatova herself, she did not make any statements on this matter. It is believed that she was simply not interested in analyzing rumors. But there is another theory: silence is explained by caution, because after the October Revolution, not everyone would dare to talk about ties with the royal family. The consequences could be too unpleasant.
There is one more, rather shaky proof that Gumilyov was not Leo's father: this is his attitude to the birth of an heir. Eyewitnesses say that there were simply no manifestations of paternal feelings, the man defiantly did not notice the baby. Perhaps Gumilyov had some suspicions about the origin of Leo, and he considered it impossible to feel love for a step-child. The marriage of Gumilyov and Anna broke up, and the gossip about the royal origin of Leo remained. This story still excites the minds of fans of Akhmatova's creativity and admirers of Lev Gumilyov's talent. Of course, it was possible to put everything in its place - genetic examination has existed for a long time. But Lev Gumilyov did not want to have children, there are no descendants, and as a result, the secret will remain a secret.
The interest of historians and literary critics is also the tragic fate of Anna Akhmatova's son, and that Lev Gumilyov could not forgive his mother.
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