A little more than half a century ago, the first part of the film adaptation of Leo Tolstoy's novel War and Peace was released on Soviet cinema screens. This film directed by Sergey Bondarchuk, became one of the most expensive in Soviet cinema. It took 6 years to shoot, and the epoch-making scene of the Battle of Borodino is considered the largest in the history of world cinema. "War and Peace" was highly praised by critics, and, among other awards, the film won an Oscar. How the filming of the epic took place - further in the review.
Long before the start of filming, colossal preparatory work had been done. To recreate the atmosphere of that time, 50 museums throughout the USSR provided their exhibits for filming. About 40 factories received special orders for the production of costumes, accessories, furniture, carts, corresponding to the historical era. The Lomonosov Porcelain Factory reproduced an exact copy of a huge dinner service from the late 18th century.
The work on the film can hardly be called easy. Director Sergei Bondarchuk was extremely demanding not only in relation to himself, but also to all members of the film crew. The second director and leading cameramen could not withstand such pressure. They left the project. Bondarchuk, on the other hand, brought himself to such exhaustion that in July 1964 he had a heart attack. Filming was stopped for several months.
The selection of actors was not an easy task. Many actresses auditioned for the role of Natasha Rostova, but this role went to the little-known graduate of the Leningrad Choreographic School Lyudmila Savelyeva. The girl happened to be on the audition, she seemed completely expressionless to the film crew. So that Lyudmila Savelyeva did not lose heart at all, Bondarchuk invited her to read an excerpt of the role from the sheet. The girl fussed, swallowed words, but something made the director invite her the next day and go through the scene again with the text already learned. When Savelyeva again appeared in front of the director, it was as if she was replaced - in front of Bondarchuk there was exactly "the same" Natasha Rostova, whom he was looking for.
In the role of Andrei Bolkonsky, the director saw only Innokenty Smoktunovsky, then he preferred the role of Hamlet and refused. Vyacheslav Tikhonov Sergei Bondarchuk considered too "star" actor, but his candidacy was personally insisted by the Minister of Culture Yekaterina Furtseva. Tikhonov brilliantly coped with the role.
The image of Pierre Bezukhov performed by Sergei Bondarchuk was flawless. However, for the director, this was a forced role, since he could not find a suitable candidate for this role. Bondarchuk had to gain 10 kilograms to match the image.
The most exciting were the battle scenes. An incredible number of people were involved in the main battle scene of Borodino - 15 thousand infantrymen and 950 cavalrymen. To show the full scale of the action, he was filmed from a helicopter at an altitude of 300 meters. On the "battlefield" they used 23 tons of explosives, 15 thousand hand smoke grenades, 40 thousand liters of kerosene. Despite the incredible rumble and seeming randomness, no one was hurt.
The scene of Natasha Rostova's first ball turned out to be incredibly touching.The operator had to put on roller skates to be able to maneuver among the waltzing couples. Over time, this technique was adopted by many other operators.
The novel War and Peace is certainly an epic work. It was not only a Soviet director who was involved in filming it. It's interesting to watch what were the costumes of the main characters of "War and Peace" in the variations of 1956, 1967 and 2016.
Popular by topic
Why sinners were called "the daughters of Melusine", or the myth of the damned fairy that shaped Europe
According to ancient legend, Melusine was the daughter of a Scottish king and a fairy. As a result of the curse, she was doomed to change from a woman to a monster every Saturday. Her two legs became fish tails. The image of Melusine is ubiquitous. It is a frequent heraldic symbol. Every European nation has legends about this fairy, and many royal dynasties descend from her. Melusine's image has even become a Starbucks emblem. In the patriarchal Middle Ages, this symbol
The funniest memes that appeared thanks to the senator in mittens and a mask and brought almost 2 million "green"
Joe Biden's inauguration was not without some curiosities. The attention of the whole world has attracted … no, not the newly elected President of the United States, but Bernie Sanders. The name of this politician was hitherto unknown to the general public. The elderly senator made a splash on the Internet with his photo in cute knitted mittens and a disposable mask. In just a day, the network was flooded with hundreds of funny memes with a politician. The best of them are further in the review
How teenagers and rock 'n' roll made vaccination fashionable: King Elvis saves the world from an epidemic
The polio virus has kept millions of parents at bay for years. In America, by 1955, tens of thousands of children were infected, many were disabled. Hope came with the discovery of a vaccine against this terrible disease. But those who wanted to be vaccinated were negligible. In search of a solution to this problem, the government attracted the most popular person in the United States at that time - Elvis Presley. The king of rock and roll was able to dramatically change the opinion of all Americans (and not only) about vaccination. How did the musician manage to
Most of the world has been calculating time for four centuries using a calendar called the Gregorian. The year of this calendar is divided into 12 months and lasts 365 days. One additional day is added every four years. Such a year is called a leap year. This is necessary in order to remove the difference between the movement of the sun and the calendar. This concept was introduced in the late 16th century by Pope Gregory XIII as a reform of the Julian calendar. The Gregorian calendar is generally accepted because
Sir Ernest Shackleton's missing ship, the Endurance, has become a legend. One of the most famous ships in the world sank in the Weddell Sea in Antarctica. This happened during the unfortunate expedition of the explorer in 1914-17 and marked the end of the "heroic era" of the exploration of the ice continent. Over the years, there have been many attempts to locate the crash site, but they were all unsuccessful. A fearless scientist named John Shears is set to take another one in early 2022. Why is he t