During the times of the Russian Empire, quite a few people were able to appreciate the benefits of the healing Crimean mud. Little known even at home, they surpassed the famous European resorts Spa, Baden-Baden and Bath. Difficulties with transport, accommodation and high prices scared Russians away from domestic Sak and Evpatoria. Crimean mineral muds cured many diseases, especially from female infertility, even away from their husbands.
In 1827, the city of Saki, on the Crimean peninsula, began to operate as a resort town, famous for its healing mud. It was a good time for the popular spa therapy. Throughout the 19th and early 20th centuries, doctors prescribed thermal water treatments to patients. Spas flourished in Europe such as Spa in Belgium, Bath in England and Baden-Baden in Germany. In Saki, located near the Black Sea, visitors could restore their health with a good portion of local mud.
There was a certain procedure for taking mud baths in Saki. The mud was extracted from the brine of nearby lakes and placed on a large slab in the sun during the day. After preparing the mud, the patient lay down on a heated stove and was quickly covered with mud from neck to feet. During the 20 minutes of treatment, the patient's body was heated in the sun while an open umbrella or awning was placed over his head. Then the dirt was removed with salt water, the patient was dried and, wrapped in a sheet, left to sweat for two hours. Not everyone could afford such treatment. Monthly treatment cost from 140 to 350 rubles - the annual salary of workers and small employees.
Doctors in Saki were strict with the prescriptions for mud baths, which were recommended for a long list of diseases: chronic joint damage, rheumatoid arthritis, muscular rheumatism, chronic damage to the pelvic organs in women, scrofula, syphilis, female infertility. The patient underwent the procedure once a day or in "delicate cases" only once every two days, and during menstruation, mud baths were completely prohibited. The treatment has yielded amazing results. So, 98% of women were cured of infertility. Moreover, as noted by the doctors, many of them became pregnant right at the resort, away from their husbands.
Saki is still an important spa resort. Treatment with healing Crimean mud is a pleasant and safe process, in comparison with Israeli spa treatments with snakes.