Table of contents:
- Ekaterina Svanidze
- Yakov Dzhugashvili
- Nadezhda Alliluyeva
- Vasily Dzhugashvili
- Svetlana Alliluyeva
- Adopted son - Artyom Sergeev
- Bastard sons: Konstantin Kuzakov and Alexander Davydov
During the reign of Joseph Stalin, there were a number of important events in the history of the USSR and in world history: industrialization, the creation of collective farms, dispossession of kulaks, great terror, mass repressions, deportation of peoples, the creation of the Gulag camp system, the Finnish War, the Great Patriotic War, the establishment of a socialist system in Eastern Europe and East Asia, the nuclear project and the beginning of the Cold War. But the leader of the peoples had a personal life, and the people who surrounded him at home, and not at the headquarters of the Commander-in-Chief and at the plenary sessions of the party. In this review - a story about their relationship with the leader of the people, and how their life developed.
Ekaterina SvanidzeStalin met his first wife thanks to her brother, with whom he studied at the theological seminary. Little is known about her, but one thing is certain - the future leader of the peoples had the warmest feelings for her. In 1906, Joseph and Kato got married. The ceremony was held in secret, since Stalin was already a revolutionary and was outlawed.
The life of Soso and Kato (as their friends called them) consisted of constant travel, name changes and flight. When their first-born was born, they were forced to leave for Baku and leave their son to his wife's relatives. There, a woman fell ill: according to some sources, it follows that typhoid fever, according to others - tuberculosis. And on November 21, 1907, Catherine died.
At her funeral, Dzhugashvili told a friend that Kato was the only person who could curb his hot temper. Although the marriage between Stalin and Svanidze was short, it was happy.
Yakov DzhugashviliStalin's firstborn was born in 1907. When Kato Svanidze died, the boy was only six months old. Taking care of him fell on the shoulders of relatives on the mother's side, while the father set about raising his son when Yakov was already 14 years old. However, they were not destined to find mutual understanding. Firstly, Stalin did not feel warm feelings for the boy, and secondly, Jacob's youthful maximalism more than once infuriated the leader. Repeatedly, Stalin forced the teenager to spend the night on the street, not letting him go home.
The first serious conflict of interest was Jacob's desire to marry a 16-year-old girl. When Stalin categorically forbade him to do this, the desperate Jacob tried to shoot himself. The bullet went right through, the young man remained alive, but it seemed that this act did not touch his father at all. Lying in a hospital bed, Yakov heard his father's mockery of the fact that he could not even shoot himself normally.
In 1941, Yakov went to the front. A little later he was captured, where he spent two years. He died there.
Nadezhda AlliluyevaThe second wife of Joseph Vissarionovich was Nadezhda Alliluyeva. At the time of their wedding, she was only 17 years old, while the leader was already 40. It is noteworthy that once Stalin had an affair with the girl's mother, and now she has become his mother-in-law.
Initially, madly in love, Nadezhda simply doted on the revolutionary, but gradually the marriage became unbearable for both. The incompatibility of characters led to constant quarrels and scandals. Stalin is a formidable ruler, constantly torn and tired, and Nadezhda is young and inexperienced. She did not have enough life experience to smooth out the conflicts that arose and patience to accept him as he is.
The life of Nadezhda Alliluyeva was interrupted unexpectedly. At one of the banquets, Stalin told her “Hey! You! Drink! "Unable to bear it, she abruptly shouted “I don’t - Hey,” and left. On that day, she locked herself in a room and shot herself in the chest. They found her only the next morning.
There are many versions about what happened. The most common is that Nadezhda committed suicide because of the constant tyranny of her husband and her jealousy towards the women around him. The fact of her suicide was hidden from the public for a long time, including from children.
Vasily DzhugashviliFrom his second marriage, Stalin had a son, Vasily. At the time of his mother's death, the boy was 12 years old. Mostly nannies and guards were involved in his upbringing.
In the Stalinist house, guests were often received and feasts were organized. This way of life taught the boy to a riotous lifestyle, alcohol and smoking. Unlike the first-born, Vasily was loved and spoiled, which later affected his life. Growing up, he often began to enjoy the authority of his father, while Stalin ordered his subordinates not to show special affection for Vasily.
As soon as the young man turned 18, he was enrolled in an aviation school. He loved risk and had an explosive character, and his rash actions more than once led to the death of innocent people. For Vasily, the image of a willful rowdy and drunkard was firmly entrenched, who got away with everything. Although for heroic deeds at the front, he was nominated for the award more than 10 times.
Vasily's life went downhill after the death of Stalin. At first he was fired to the reserve, and soon he was arrested altogether for expressing his version of the death of his father. In prison, he fell seriously ill and became disabled. Vasily died after his release. It is assumed that the death was from alcohol poisoning, but there is no evidence of this.
Svetlana AlliluyevaSvetlana was the leader's only daughter. At first, Stalin did not see a soul in her, but as soon as she matured, he moved away and became cold. He sent Svetlana's first lover to the Gulag, because his daughter was only 16 years old, and the groom 40. Of course, this state of affairs did not suit Stalin, although he himself acted in his time like the unfortunate groom.
After Svetlana got married, having lived with her husband for only four years. After the divorce, he was forced to leave the capital. Then she remarried, but even then she did not find family happiness. For the third time, an elderly Indian became her husband, who soon died. Deciding to bury her husband in his homeland, Svetlana left for India, and from there she asked for asylum in America, where she soon left. From the first and second marriage, Svetlana left two children, whom she did not take with her. They did not expect such a betrayal from their mother and never forgave her.
Svetlana married again, already in America, and gave birth to a daughter. Due to constant attacks because of her father, she changed her last name and became Lana Peters. This marriage also cracked and fell apart. Svetlana died in 2011 in a nursing home, lonely and useless.
Adopted son - Artyom SergeevIn addition to his own children, Stalin also had an adopted child - Artem Sergeev. The boy's own father was a close comrade of the leader, who died in a railway accident. When Stalin took the boy for himself, he was only 3 months old. Artem was the same age as Vasily, they got along very well and were "inseparable." But their characters were the complete opposite of each other. Artyom was brought up in severity, was calm, studied well and was distinguished by his diligence. In life, it came in handy: he became a great military leader and rose to the rank of major general.
Bastard sons: Konstantin Kuzakov and Alexander DavydovStalin also had illegitimate children from various women, with whom he had relations during his exile. Away from their father, their lives were much more successful than those of the rest.
Konstantin Kuzakov was born as a young widow Maria, who sheltered Stalin. The son and father crossed paths many times, but they never dared to speak to each other. Although the leader secretly took care of him and even saved him from arrest because of Beria's intrigues. It is worth noting that Kostya reached dizzying heights in his career himself, without the help of his father, becoming the head of the USSR State Radio and Television.
The second illegitimate son of the leader was Alexander Davydov. Stalin was 34 years old, and his mistress, Lydia, was only 14. They met when he was in exile. In order not to go to jail, he promised to marry Lida, but escaped. As a result, she had a son, Sasha. Initially, the leader corresponded with the girl, but then there was a rumor that Stalin was killed in the war, and she got married. Sasha lived a simple life of a toiler and a Soviet soldier. He never met his father.
Everything was not easy in the Ulyanov-Lenin family. About, how did the fate of Lenin's brothers and sisters, a story in another of our review.