Table of contents:
- Not everyone was mummified in ancient Egypt
- Working with mummies was high-paying, but dangerous
- Breathing mummies
- Autopsies of mummies in front of everyone
- They made paint from mummies
- Mummy as a panacea for all diseases
The overwhelming majority of contemporaries have the most general idea of ancient mummies. Basically, these are imposed stereotypes from science fiction films. This review contains little-known facts about mummies that even the most talented screenwriter would not think of.
Not everyone was mummified in ancient Egypt
The religion and culture of Ancient Egypt is inextricably linked with the mummification of the dead. The bodies of people were dried in a special way, the internal organs were removed from them and treated with special oils. This method of burial was not available to everyone, because embalming was considered a long and expensive procedure. According to the beliefs of the ancient Egyptians, a deceased relative could harm his descendants if he was not buried according to the rules or the mummification was performed poorly.
Working with mummies was high-paying, but dangerous
The Egyptians believed that there is another life in the afterlife, so the deceased must go there with his body intact. But this belief contradicted the very process of embalming, in which internal organs were removed from the body.
In order not to offend the deceased and to do their job, the mummifiers hired special people who had to cut the body and remove the entrails from there. Moreover, this must be done quickly, since the guards immediately went after them, who are obliged to detain "those who dared to disturb the peace of the dead." Those who managed to quickly cope with the task and escape from the guards alive received a generous reward.
Bodies lying in sarcophagi are not a pleasant sight in itself, and the sight of mummies with an open mouth does horror to people with a weak psyche. The fact is that the ancient Egyptians believed that if a deceased was embalmed with an open mouth, then in the afterlife it would be easy for him to breathe and absorb all sorts of delicacies.
Autopsies of mummies in front of everyone
If the Egyptians were in awe of the mummified bodies, then the Europeans were only interested in the research component of the ancient remains. It was very popular among the British to do public autopsies on mummies. Anyone could go to see this process.
British doctor Thomas Pedigrew has performed many public autopsies. Contemporaries noted that he unwrapped the ancient bandages with a calm face, while others fainted from what he saw.
They made paint from mummies
After public autopsies and research, the bodies of the mummies turned out to be unnecessary. At first they were thrown away, but then they began to be sold at a symbolic price to paint manufacturers. Oddly enough it sounds, but the crushed remains of ancient bodies gave a characteristic brown hue, and therefore were very popular with artists.
Curiously, mummy paint was in demand until the 1960s. The reason for stopping the manufacture of such a dye turned out to be too trivial - the manufacturer simply ran out of mummies.
Mummy as a panacea for all diseases
Several centuries ago, healers used the remains of mummies as a cure for almost all diseases. In the 17th century, a powder made from a mummy's skull was especially prized. It was believed that they can cure everything from a cold to epileptic seizures.
In 1920, the body of a 2-year-old girl, Rosalia Lombardo, was embalmed. Today it is considered the best surviving mummy that winks at tourists.
Popular by topic
Most of the world has been calculating time for four centuries using a calendar called the Gregorian. The year of this calendar is divided into 12 months and lasts 365 days. One additional day is added every four years. Such a year is called a leap year. This is necessary in order to remove the difference between the movement of the sun and the calendar. This concept was introduced in the late 16th century by Pope Gregory XIII as a reform of the Julian calendar. The Gregorian calendar is generally accepted because
Modern science has long proved that Africa is the homeland of humanity. The history of this continent is incredibly ancient and very rich. Since ancient times, the Europeans have established trade relations with various regions of this continent. Then the "white people" tried with might and main to belittle the knowledge and power of the African empire. The age-old ignorance of the truth has cost everyone dearly. New history and recent research fundamentally change the historically formed erroneous stereotype of European superiority
Surely many have heard, at least with the edge of their ears, about the tragic fate of Antigone, defending the laws of the gods and facing trial according to the laws of man. But few people know about the details that led to a series of sad and irreversible events, which later became an integral part of works of art
Who were the Huns, why they were so feared and other interesting facts about the masters of rapid raids and their king Attila
Of all the groups that invaded the Roman Empire, none caused more fear than the Huns. Their superior combat technology drove thousands of people to flee westward in the 5th century AD. NS. The Huns existed as a horror story long before they actually appeared. Their charismatic and ferocious leader Attila, who by his mere appearance, made people around them fearful, causing the Romans to panic attacks, was no exception. In later times, the word "Hun" became a derogatory term and a parable in I
Where did Tatyana Lazareva disappear: Truth and fiction about the end of a career and the ruined marriage of a TV presenter
This actress and TV presenter, who recently celebrated her 55th birthday, 30 years ago was known as the KVN player of the Major League champion team, 20 years ago - as a participant in the comedy show "OSP-Studio" and an actress in the comedy project "33 square meter”, 10 years ago - as the face of the STS TV channel. Recently, almost nothing has been heard about her, only from time to time there were rumors about her divorce from Mikhail Shats, then about a dangerous illness, then about the intention to commit suicide, then about emigration to Spain