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The splendor and splendor of the imperial crowns - which one is more beautiful?
The splendor and splendor of the imperial crowns - which one is more beautiful?
The splendor and splendor of the imperial crowns

The main regalia confirming the power of monarchs is the crown or crown. The rulers, competing in the splendor and splendor of the symbols of power, adorned their crowns made of gold and silver with rare and very expensive stones. This review contains the most famous crowns in the world, among which it is not so easy to determine the very-most.

The most famous crowns in history

The crown of the kings and emperors of the Holy Roman Empire has several names, one of the most famous is the crown of Charlemagne, and it was made at the end of the 10th century.

Crown of the kings and emperors of the Holy Roman Empire

This oldest piece of jewelery, unlike other crowns, has an original octahedron shape and is adorned with 144 precious stones and pearls. Originally stored in Nuremberg, when there was a threat of the capture of this city by the troops of Napoleon, who sought to get it for his coronation, the crown was transported to Vienna and hidden there. It is now kept in the Vienna Museum.

Crown of the British Empire

The famous jewel, made in 1911, is not the property of the queen, but belongs to the state, and its main storage is the Tower Museum Fortress, and the current reigning Queen Elizabeth II wears the crown only on the occasion of the annual opening of Parliament or other state celebrations. And although the crown has a relatively low weight, 910 grams, the queen, in order to get used to it and not be embarrassed at the ceremony, puts on the crown in advance and wears it for several hours. On these rare days, you can see the queen with a magnificent crown on her head at breakfast at home or watching the newspapers.

Big Crown of the Russian Empire

This jewel, overshadowed by its splendor and splendor the crowns of all foreign rulers, was conceived by Catherine II for her coronation in 1762. Famous jewelers who worked on its creation managed to create this miracle in just two months.

The delicate openwork frame in the form of two hemispheres (symbolizing East and West) of gold and silver, reminiscent of an oriental headdress, was made by the chief court jeweler Eckart. But Eckart entrusted the selection of stones for the crown and its decoration to the jeweler Pozier, who brilliantly coped with this. Rows of matte pearls perfectly emphasize the sparkling of the placer of diamonds, and the crown is crowned with a real treasure - a rare mineral, a bright red ruby ​​snipe weighing about 400 carats, brought back in the 16th century from China. Today, this national treasure is on display at the famous Diamond Fund.

Diamonds and pearls of the Big Crown Red spinel of the Big crown

Crowns and crowns of Russia

At a time when Europe crowned its rulers with luxurious crowns, in Russia they were replaced by crown-caps studded with gems, the most famous of which is the Monomakh hat. The first to be crowned her reign was Ivan the Terrible.

The famous Cap of Monomakh

The transition to imperial crowns in Russia took place thanks to Peter I. Being himself crowned with the Cap of Monomakh, he ordered to make the first Russian crown of gilded silver, the owner of which was lucky enough to become his wife Catherine I.

The first Russian crown

Empress Anna Ioanovna ordered a new crown for her coronation, and it was made in accordance with her tastes and wishes, while many precious stones were used from the crown of Catherine I.

Crown of Empress Anna Ioanovna

From 1872 until the fall of the empire, all Russian emperors were crowned with the famous Great Imperial Crown. And for the coronation of queens, several smaller copies of this crown were made, but only one of them survived.

Small imperial crown Nicholas II with his wife wearing imperial crowns

Great interest is aroused today and 15 unique photographs taken during the trip of the royal family to Mogilev.

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