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6 little-known facts about the works of Mikhail Bulgakov
6 little-known facts about the works of Mikhail Bulgakov
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Mikhail Bulgakov and the characters of his novels

The literary works of Mikhail Bulgakov, as well as the personality of the writer himself, are covered with secrets and hoaxes. In our review, an attempt is made to dispel myths and reveal the secrets of the famous master of satire.

On the sale of the soul

Bulgakov on the sale of the soul

It is known that Bulgakov often went to the Bolshoi to listen to Faust. This opera has always lifted his spirits. The image of Faust himself was especially close to him. But one day Bulgakov returned from the theater gloomy, in a state of severe depression. This was due to the work on which the writer recently began to work - the play "Batum". Having agreed to write a play about Stalin, Bulgakov recognized himself in the image of Faust, who sold his soul to the devil.

Missing character

In 1937, on the anniversary of the death of A.S. Pushkin, several authors presented plays dedicated to the poet. Among them was Mikhail Bulgakov's play "Alexander Pushkin", which was distinguished from the works of other authors by the absence of one character. Bulgakov believed that the appearance of this character on the stage would be vulgar and tasteless. The absent character was Alexander Sergeevich himself.

Treasure

The novel "White Guard" Mikhail Bulgakov

In the novel "The White Guard" Bulgakov quite accurately described the house in which he lived in Kiev. And the owners of this house, for one detail of the description, very strongly disliked the writer, since she brought direct damage to the structure. The fact is that the owners broke down all the walls, trying to find the treasure described in the novel, and, of course, did not find anything.

Woland's story

Woland and his retinue

Woland Bulgakov got his name from Goethe's Mephistopheles. In the poem "Faust" it sounds only once, when Mephistopheles asks the evil spirits to make way and give him a way: "The nobleman Woland is coming!" In ancient German literature, the devil was called by another name - Faland. It also arises in The Master and Margarita, when the employees of the variety show cannot remember the name of the magician: "… maybe Faland?"

The first edition of the work contained a detailed description (15 handwritten pages) Woland would take when he first appeared disguised as a "stranger." This description is now almost completely lost. In addition, in the early version of Woland, the name was Astaroth (one of the highest-ranking demons of hell, according to Western demonology). Later Bulgakov replaced him, apparently because this image could not be identical to Satan.

Who is Sharikov?

Sharikov is the hero of Bulgakov's novel Heart of a Dog

Traditionally, the story "Heart of a Dog" is interpreted only in one political vein: Sharikov is an allegory of the lumpen proletariat, which unexpectedly received many rights and freedoms, but quickly revealed selfishness and a desire to destroy their own kind. However, there is another interpretation, as if this story was a political satire on the leadership of the state in the mid-1920s. In particular, that Sharikov-Chugunkin is Stalin (both have an "iron" second surname), prof. Preobrazhensky is Lenin (who transformed the country), his assistant Dr. Bormental, who is constantly in conflict with Sharikov, is Trotsky (Bronstein), Shvonder is Kamenev, assistant Zina is Zinoviev, Daria is Dzerzhinsky, etc.

Behemoth prototype

Behemoth the cat from the novel The Master and Margarita

The famous assistant Woland had a real prototype, only in life he was not a cat at all, but a dog - a black dog named Mikhail Afanasyevich named Begemot. This dog was very smart. Once, when Bulgakov was celebrating the New Year with his wife, after the chiming clock, his dog barked 12 times, although no one taught her this.

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