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Why Sigmund Freud admired Dostoevsky: 6 favorite books of the father of psychoanalysis to survive today
Why Sigmund Freud admired Dostoevsky: 6 favorite books of the father of psychoanalysis to survive today
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The famous Austrian psychologist, who laid the foundation for psychoanalysis, which had a huge impact on various types of sciences, literature and art, was a great lover of reading. In addition, he considered the book to be the best gift and was invariably happy if books were brought to him as a gift. He himself loved to present a volume to people dear to him. In his notes and letters, you can find references to those books that he considered worthy of attention.

Paradise Lost by John Milton

Paradise Lost by John Milton

The founder of psychoanalysis directly called the epic poem of an English author one of his most beloved works. The story of the loss of perfection was described by an author who for many years was blind and could not enjoy the colors of life. Four chapters of the poem are devoted to the fall of the devil and eight - to Adam and Eve who succumbed to temptation. It is worth noting that the creation of “Paradise Lost” required five years of research from the author, and many famous personalities who found deep meaning and a lesson for all generations in the history of the Fall were fans of this work.

Storybook by Mark Twain

Collection of short stories, Mark Twain

The collection of short stories by the American writer Sigmund Freud included in the list of the ten best books. Oddly enough, the famous psychologist was attracted to them by the inimitable humor, with which the author described the strangeness of American reality, without losing sight of the habits of politicians, law enforcement officials or journalists.

Poems by Heinrich Heine

Collected Works of Heinrich Heine

An honorable place among the favorite works of Sigmund Freud is occupied by the poems of the German poet, publicist and critic of late romanticism. At the same time, he did not single out any of the works, highly appreciating both the early poems and ballads, and the later ones, which were full of sarcasm and dark intonations.

The Jungle Book by Rudyard Kipling

The Jungle Book by Rudyard Kipling

In one of his letters, the Austrian psychologist mentioned that he could confidently place this work in the list of the ten best books of all times and peoples. In fact, The Jungle Book carries not only the eternal idea of ​​the superiority of good over evil, it is a kind of analysis of society, and in one of the characters everyone easily recognizes himself or someone from his acquaintances.

The Brothers Karamazov, Fyodor Dostoevsky

The Brothers Karamazov, Fyodor Dostoevsky

Sigmund Freud devoted a whole essay to the work of Fyodor Mikhailovich Dostoevsky, calling The Brothers Karamazov the greatest novel ever written in the whole world, and the Legend of the Grand Inquisitor, told by the hero of the novel, as one of the greatest achievements of world literature. The Austrian psychologist believed that it is simply impossible to overestimate both of these works of Dostoevsky.

David Copperfield by Charles Dickens

David Copperfield by Charles Dickens

In principle, not indifferent to the work of Charles Dickens, Sigmund Freud called "David Copperfield" the most beloved work of the writer. The novel is called autobiographical, and for Sigmund Freud it had a special meaning, because it was he who presented the founder of psychoanalysis to his future wife Martha Bernays on the day of their engagement.

Jealous, straightforward, conflicted - such a portrait of the world famous scientist emerges from his letters to his wife, Martha Bernays. Despite Sigmund Freud's “non-family” character, their marriage will last 53 years. But what concessions did Martha have to make in order to maintain a relationship that many contemporaries considered harmonious?

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