In pre-revolutionary Russia, they especially loved such a form of corporal punishment as flogging… This torture was officially abolished only in 1904. One of the famous figures said: "The whole life of the people passed under the eternal fear of torture: flogged parents at home, flogged a teacher at school, flogged a landowner in a stable, flogged masters of crafts, flogged officers, policemen, volost judges, Cossacks."
If we turn to the first official code of laws "Russkaya Pravda", then there was no such type of punishment as flogging or beating with rods. It was only about cash payments or the death penalty. Physical violence did not appear until the 11th century. After another couple of centuries, rod punishment was used everywhere. For attempted rebellion or slandering, the so-called "commercial execution" was imposed. The offender was publicly beaten with a whip in the town square.
In the time of Peter I, flogging was prescribed for minor crimes. The man was beaten with a whip or batogs. The guilty person was held by the head and legs. Sometimes the excessive zeal of the executioner, after just a few blows, was fatal. The debtors were hit on the legs with a stick (for 100 rubles they beat them daily for a month).
Punishing children with rods in educational institutions was practiced everywhere. They beat me not only for offenses, but also simply for "preventive purposes."
The first, who were officially exempted from flogging, were representatives of the nobility, who received in 1785 from Empress Catherine II "Certificate of Merit".
It was only during the reign of Alexander I that the system of corporal punishment was mitigated. In 1808, the wives of priests were exempted from this type of punishment, and by 1811 - and ordinary monks. After another five years, it was forbidden to pull out nostrils and beat with a whip in the squares in front of crowds of onlookers. Later, at the legislative level, concessions were announced for the elderly and children, but the heads of families, if they thought it necessary, still continued to flog the household, since the perception of the family and the attitude towards marriage in Russia differed significantly from modern ideas. Family Code of Practice "Domostroy" even welcomed corporal punishment.
Popular by topic
The Khmer Empire once covered most of Southeast Asia, and its capital was the largest city in the pre-industrial world. The secret of their success was hydraulic engineering. They have curbed the monsoon and used it to their advantage. The water management system has been designed to collect and store water throughout the year. That is why, the Khmer people had food, water supply, sewerage and transportation network
The attitude towards the institution of the family in Russia has changed over the centuries, but, with the exception of a short post-revolutionary period, it has always been rather scrupulous. But the attitude to the fact of treason almost did not change, infidelity was condemned, blamed and punished. True, it was easier for men in this regard, but sometimes the punishment was extended to the stronger sex as well. Women, as a rule, got much more
Ukrainian oligarchs in tsarist Russia: With what savings 100 years ago a Kievite bought the world's largest yacht
Kiev resident Mikhail Tereshchenko owned a fabulous fortune, the world's largest yacht and the world's second largest blue diamond. A native of Ukrainian petty bourgeois Cossacks, he gravitated towards politics, had a reputation as a successful entrepreneur of the Russian Empire, managed to visit the finance ministers under the Provisional Government. Tereshchenko is credited with sponsoring the February Revolution of 1917. Some historians claim that his funds were used to prepare and organize the overthrow of the Russian Emperor Nicholas II
Weddings in Russia were taken very seriously and they tried to play them at a certain time. For conceiving a young child, March and February were considered the best. The Slavs turned to higher powers for help, decorated the bride's festive attire with special embroidery and performed various rituals. Read in the material why brides made dolls, laid eggs under the chicken, what the willow knew about the birth of children and why the ability to tie knots was highly valued among girls
The population of pre-reform Russia regularly paid taxes to the state. But there were people who were called "walkers" and whose relations with the treasury were somewhat different. Their position was, to put it mildly, unenviable. However, the privileges granted to this caste made their life easier. Read in the material how people became walking people, who are the backbones, bobs, kutniks and hovels, and which of the representatives of these strata of the population had a better life