Probably no artist has caused such a number of controversies and conflicting assessments as Russian painter of the early twentieth century Boris Kustodiev… He was called the Russian Rubens, as he glorified specific female beauty in his works - the greatest popularity was brought to him by his healthy merchants and puffy naked Russian beauties. Kustodiev tried to capture the people's ideal of beauty, while he himself was not a fan of women with magnificent forms.
The artistic direction to which Kustodiev gravitated in the 1910s is called neoclassicism. It presupposed an orientation towards the great examples of classical art, on the tradition of academic painting. Such tendencies in many ways ran counter to the avant-garde trends of modernist art at the beginning of the twentieth century. The aesthetics of Art Nouveau were guided by other standards of beauty: refined sensuality, refined fracture, decadence and fatigue. The merchants and peasant women of Kustodiev were the complete opposite of these ideals.
Boris Kustodiev's appeal to the aesthetic canons of the past was a kind of escape from reality - a serious illness (paralysis of the lower body due to a tumor in the spine) chained the artist to a wheelchair, and the Russian realities of 1917-1920. forced to flee into a fantasy world from the crumbling old way of life of patriarchal Russia with merchants and festivities in quiet provincial cities. Thanks to the works of Kustodiev, we can form an idea of the pre-revolutionary life of the Volga peasants and bourgeoisie, whose life was so fully and colorfully reflected in the artist's paintings.
Kustodiev is the author of a whole gallery of female images. He was often accused of depicting not a popular, but a common people ideal of beauty, although his works are far from idealization - many see them as irony and grotesque. Some critics argue that his creative manner is a "dream of an unprecedented Russia", where stout women symbolize the harmony, peace and comfort of the Russian world.
Often, representatives of the intelligentsia became models for Kustodiev's merchants - G. Aderkas, a medical student who lived next door, posed for him for "Merchants at Tea". Kustodiev's wife did not have the same curvaceous forms as his models. But when asked why he writes stout women, he replied: "Thin women do not inspire creativity."
Nude curvy Russian beauties inspired not only the author. They say that Kustodiev's "Beauty" (1915) drove one metropolitan mad, who confessed: "Apparently, the devil drove the artist's daring hand when he wrote his" Beauty ", for he confused my peace forever. I saw her charm and affectionateness and forgot the fasts and vigils. I am going to the monastery, where I will atone for my sins. " Critics saw in this picture "admiration, and eroticism, and irony."
V. Volodarsky wrote about the Kustodiev beauty: "Delight before the fleshly beauty of this merchant's wife, her health, the primitive joy of being and evil irony - this is the set of feelings that I experience when I see a picture." Probably the same contradictory emotions are experienced by the modern public, looking at the artist's works.
Despite the modern standards of beauty, idealizing the model appearance, today there are adherents of other views - the fashion for anorexia is a thing of the past: 11 of the most sought-after puffy beauties
Popular by topic
Riddles and secrets of Irina Miroshnichenko: why beauty did not bring happiness to one of the brightest actresses
On July 24, the famous theater and film actress, People's Artist of the RSFSR Irina Miroshnichenko turns 79. In the 1970s - 1980s. she was called one of the brightest, most spectacular and beautiful Soviet actresses. However, her beauty did not bring her happiness. Her career was successful: she played more than 80 roles in films and dozens of roles on the stage of the Moscow Art Theater, but in her years the actress regrets that she devoted her whole life to the profession and made too many mistakes in her youth
How the prince married a fashion model in spite of his mother and what came of it: The famous entertainer of the USSR Boris Brunov
He began his artistic career at the time of the peak of fame of Lydia Ruslanova, Arkady Raikin, Rina Zelena, but he was not lost among the stars, but took his own worthy place. He conducted concerts at the North Pole, BAM and Baikonur, headed the Moscow Variety Theater. And was the subject of dreams of many Soviet women. Boris Brunov himself had aristocratic roots and all his life he loved only one woman - a fashion model, against whose marriage his mother protested
This competition is held for those who are fascinated by the world of wildlife, who love to shoot landscapes, are fond of underwater photography or aerial photography. Each of these pictures is a real fascinating story from the life of the wild
Alla Borisovna Pugacheva was and remains a separate phenomenon on the Russian stage. She always had many fans who were ready to carry her in their arms. She was friends with her colleagues in the workshop, not a single significant concert could do without her participation, and many singers, artists and musicians dreamed of getting to her “Christmas meetings”. And yet there are those who openly admit their dislike for the Diva. And there is definitely a reason for this dislike
Azerbaijani Huseyn Khan Nakhichevan was the only non-Muslim Muslim who reached the heights in the Russian military service. The general became famous in the First World War, became a knight of the highest orders of the Russian Empire, was awarded by Romanians, Bulgarians, Persians. In addition, Huseyn Khan enjoyed authority at the court of Nicholas II. The last Russian emperor granted a foreigner the highest rank - Adjutant General of His Majesty. Hussein Khan justified the trust shown in full, without even trying to escape from the