Table of contents:
- Lover of cultural bohemia
- Famous scientist
- Talented financier
- Founders of the ZIL plant
“The father had eight sons. Seven clever and one eccentric. " So, in a fabulous way, one could begin a story about the Ryabushinskys - representatives of a powerful merchant clan of bankers and entrepreneurs. These amazing brothers, who inherited from their father profitable factories, big capitals and a passion for charity, were such outstanding and multifaceted personalities that it is simply amazing how they did everything.
The father of these talented sons, the richest industrialist Pavel Ryabushinsky, was married twice. At a young age, knowing the sad story of his brother, whom a rich parent deprived of his inheritance only because he did not marry of his father's will, Pavel Mikhailovich meekly took as his wife the daughter of an Old Believer priest chosen for him by his father. The lady was older than him and was famous for her quarrelsome character, but the young heir endured her for many years and dared to file for divorce only after his father's death. The industrialist kept all the children with him, having assigned his six daughters to the boarding school.
The second time he married a young merchant's daughter, when he was 50, and this time out of great love. From the second marriage, another 16 children were born (three died in childhood), of which five were sons of the same age.
All the boys received an excellent education. In addition to school, which most of them graduated with gold medals, the children studied foreign languages with invited teachers. After school, they were assigned to the Academy of Commercial Sciences or the Voskresensky School.
Realizing that old age was just around the corner, my father organized the “Partnership of P.M. Ryabushinsky with his sons”and looked forward to when the young men matured and it would be possible to transfer all the affairs to them. However, not all sons were ready to do business and increase capital as fanatically as their parent.
Lover of cultural bohemia
One of the younger sons of Pavel Mikhailovich, Nikolai was not at all interested in business and production. In the opinion of his contemporaries, he was frivolous, liked to spend money and got along with “half-impoverished artists”. The last epithet concerned the newfangled trend of the Symbolists at the beginning of the last century. Carried away by the theme of painting and creativity in general, he sponsored talented friends. Having built a luxurious villa, Nikolai collected Moscow bohemians in it, in addition, he organized exhibitions of the Symbolists and actively bought their paintings.
In Moscow business circles, he was not taken seriously and was condescendingly called Nikolasha. It all ended with the fact that he voluntarily left his father's partnership of manufactures.
However, it was Nikolai, and not his brothers, who was recognized as one of the important figures in Russian culture of the last century, because he founded the famous art magazine "Golden Fleece". The publication was very expensive and pompous, and despite the fact that some artists considered it frivolous, and the owner - a capricious tyrant, it attracted many artists and writers. At various times, Bunin, Blok, Lanceray, Balmont, Sologub, Chukovsky, Benois collaborated with him.
Dmitry Ryabushinsky also loved art and even somehow acquired Paganini's violin, but the main thing in his life was science. At his estate near Moscow, he created the world's first Institute of Aerodynamics.He was a Doctor of Science, Corresponding Member of the French Academy of Sciences, President of the Russian Philosophical Society and the Association for the Preservation of Russian Cultural Values Abroad. And this is only a part of his many regalia and achievements.
The scientist spent the second half of his life in a foreign land: after the revolution, due to the persecution of the Cheka, he had to emigrate to Denmark. In Europe, he continued to engage in research, lectured at the Sorbonne and even won the Paris Academy of Sciences prize for his scientific experiments. However, until the end of his days Ryabushinsky called himself a Russian scientist, considering all his achievements to be a contribution to Russian science and culture.
Vladimir Ryabushinsky graduated with excellent marks from the Practical Academy of Commercial Sciences and the University of Heidelberg. Unlike Nikolai and Dmitry, he completely devoted himself to commerce, considering it very important to continue his father's business. "Ancestral factories for us are like ancestral castles for the knights of the Middle Ages," he said.
Vladimir Pavlovich was one of the founders of the Banking House of the Ryabushinsky brothers, later transformed into the Moscow Bank, and together with his brother Pavel published the newspaper of the young bourgeoisie "Morning of Russia".
In World War I, he volunteered for the front, and after the revolution was one of the organizers of the white movement. Later he went to live in France, where he organized a society of lovers of icon painting and himself wrote a number of scientific works on this topic.
At a very young age (he was a little over twenty) Fyodor Ryabushinsky became the author and organizer of a scientific expedition to study Kamchatka. Previously, he attended a course of lectures on geography, history, ethnography and anthropology of the eastern part of Russia, studied many atlases and maps, got acquainted in detail with the experience of foreign travelers.
The idea was supported by the Russian Geographical Society. Fedor himself donated hundreds of thousands of rubles for the expedition (the money was huge at that time), attracted the most famous scientists and even wanted to go on a trip personally. Alas, tuberculosis prevented him from taking part in the expedition, from which he soon died. But his very grandiose undertaking was crowned with success and made a great contribution to science.
Founders of the ZIL plant
Stepan Ryabushinsky was considered one of the best collectors of icons, he actively bought them all over Russia and donated to Old Believer churches.
But it was just a hobby. The heir to his father's capital considered his main business to be family enterprises and the car plant of the Moscow Joint-Stock Company, which he built together with his brother Sergei. This is one of the oldest automobile enterprises in the country, after the revolution it was named "Likhachev Plant" - we all know ZIL.
In 1919, the Soviet authorities declared the plant to be state property. The collection of more than a hundred of Ryabushinsky's icons was also nationalized: it was divided among several museums.
Stepan Pavlovich himself went to Italy after the revolution, and his brother Sergei went to Paris.
By the way, Sergei Pavlovich, like his brothers, was fond of creativity: all his life he was an amateur sculptor and Ilya Repin highly appreciated his work.
Famous merchant families they have worked hard for the good of Russia, and this should not be forgotten.
Popular by topic
The funniest memes that appeared thanks to the senator in mittens and a mask and brought almost 2 million "green"
Joe Biden's inauguration was not without some curiosities. The attention of the whole world has attracted … no, not the newly elected President of the United States, but Bernie Sanders. The name of this politician was hitherto unknown to the general public. The elderly senator made a splash on the Internet with his photo in cute knitted mittens and a disposable mask. In just a day, the network was flooded with hundreds of funny memes with a politician. The best of them are further in the review
How teenagers and rock 'n' roll made vaccination fashionable: King Elvis saves the world from an epidemic
The polio virus has kept millions of parents at bay for years. In America, by 1955, tens of thousands of children were infected, many were disabled. Hope came with the discovery of a vaccine against this terrible disease. But those who wanted to be vaccinated were negligible. In search of a solution to this problem, the government attracted the most popular person in the United States at that time - Elvis Presley. The king of rock and roll was able to dramatically change the opinion of all Americans (and not only) about vaccination. How did the musician manage to
Most of the world has been calculating time for four centuries using a calendar called the Gregorian. The year of this calendar is divided into 12 months and lasts 365 days. One additional day is added every four years. Such a year is called a leap year. This is necessary in order to remove the difference between the movement of the sun and the calendar. This concept was introduced in the late 16th century by Pope Gregory XIII as a reform of the Julian calendar. The Gregorian calendar is generally accepted because
Sir Ernest Shackleton's missing ship, the Endurance, has become a legend. One of the most famous ships in the world sank in the Weddell Sea in Antarctica. This happened during the unfortunate expedition of the explorer in 1914-17 and marked the end of the "heroic era" of the exploration of the ice continent. Over the years, there have been many attempts to locate the crash site, but they were all unsuccessful. A fearless scientist named John Shears is set to take another one in early 2022. Why is he t
Her name is Gertrude and she has an amazing hairstyle that can only be envied. In fact, it is a comb of feathers. With whom only thanks to this the duck was not compared! The famous bird was honored to stand on a par with George Washington, Queen Elizabeth, Albert Einstein and many other famous personalities with memorable hairstyles. The duck has become a real star of the Internet not only because of its "hair", but also because of the unusual qualities of its character. NS