Edgar Degas went down in the history of world art as a "painter of dancers". So one of the brightest representatives of impressionism was called for his commitment to the theme of ballet. The artist himself admitted that he feels special pleasure, painting ballerinas in a cloud of gas. However, in addition to light and airy paintings, he painted completely different ones. Heavy, gloomy. In our review - 9 unknown paintings by the mastercreated in an unusual technique.
The paintings, which will be discussed in this review, are exhibited for the first time. The exhibition is held at the New York Museum of Modern Art and is titled "Edgar Degas: A Strange New Beauty." All works are made in the technique of monotype - this is a special type of graphics, when the artist applies an image with paints on a metal plate, and then makes a single print. According to the curator of the exhibition, Jody Hauptmann, it was in the technique of monotype that Degas showed himself as an innovator. These experiments put the works of the great master on a par with the most daring searches of artists of the XXI century. Degas prints were ahead of their time.
In his youth, Degas paid much attention to the accuracy of the drawing; he copied the canvases of the great masters with such amazing scrupulousness that it was difficult to distinguish them from the originals. Using monotype in mature art is a completely new approach to creativity. This technique made it possible to make changes to the drawing up to the moment when, it would seem, the final touch was applied. Drawing on a whim was completely uncharacteristic for the manner of the young Degas.
Turning to the technique of monotype was interesting for Degas, since it made it possible to capture the trends of modernity. For example, the painting "Autumn Landscape" was painted in 1890 as if the artist saw nature from the window of a passing train. It is important to remember that the consciousness of a man of the 19th century is mostly a trip on the rebar, therefore such dynamism testifies to the progressiveness of the artist.
Thanks to the "blurred" technique of Degas' monotype, it was possible to accurately convey the reality around him. The growth of cities, the expansion of contacts … The whirlpool of life carried away the master. And here in his paintings - glimpsed faces, breathing smoke from factory pipes.
It is also interesting that only in the technique of monotype Degas recreates the images of courtesans. The artist creates sketches from the life of brothels, on the periphery you can see clients frozen in indecision and ladies in anticipation. In the center, as a rule, there is emptiness, space for exchange.
The painting "Frieze of Dancers" deserves special attention at the exhibition. This is Degas' new approach to recreating dynamics. What is in front of the viewer - four ballerinas or one girl captured at different moments? Art critics traditionally attribute this work to the forerunners of cinematography in painting.
Edgar Degas showed a qualitatively new approach in his work on the painting Three Women in a Brothel. Back view". The artist writes this canvas, combining the possibilities of monotype and pastel, while he uses the stencil not once, as the technique required, but three times. Each subsequent print is more blurred, but in this case it plays into the hands of the master. So he creates a gallery of silhouettes that are similar to each other, but at the same time - individualized. “Degas saw more possibilities in everything than was defined by the rules,” concludes Jody Hauptmann.
At the opening of the exhibition of paintings by Edgar Degas at the Museum of Modern Art, spoke modern prima ballerina, having recreated the master's paintings in the dance.
Popular by topic
The funniest memes that appeared thanks to the senator in mittens and a mask and brought almost 2 million "green"
Joe Biden's inauguration was not without some curiosities. The attention of the whole world has attracted … no, not the newly elected President of the United States, but Bernie Sanders. The name of this politician was hitherto unknown to the general public. The elderly senator made a splash on the Internet with his photo in cute knitted mittens and a disposable mask. In just a day, the network was flooded with hundreds of funny memes with a politician. The best of them are further in the review
Why brides from all over the world go to the post office of a small town: the romantic secret of the province
When you think about the most romantic places on our planet, then this small, provincial, unremarkable town is unlikely to occur to you. But he is known to lovers all over the world. The post office of this village works in the rhythm of a big city. On Valentine's Day and the wedding season, lovers from all over the world want to send congratulations to their soul mate from this particular post office. What is the secret of this American town?
How teenagers and rock 'n' roll made vaccination fashionable: King Elvis saves the world from an epidemic
The polio virus has kept millions of parents at bay for years. In America, by 1955, tens of thousands of children were infected, many were disabled. Hope came with the discovery of a vaccine against this terrible disease. But those who wanted to be vaccinated were negligible. In search of a solution to this problem, the government attracted the most popular person in the United States at that time - Elvis Presley. The king of rock and roll was able to dramatically change the opinion of all Americans (and not only) about vaccination. How did the musician manage to
Most of the world has been calculating time for four centuries using a calendar called the Gregorian. The year of this calendar is divided into 12 months and lasts 365 days. One additional day is added every four years. Such a year is called a leap year. This is necessary in order to remove the difference between the movement of the sun and the calendar. This concept was introduced in the late 16th century by Pope Gregory XIII as a reform of the Julian calendar. The Gregorian calendar is generally accepted because
Sir Ernest Shackleton's missing ship, the Endurance, has become a legend. One of the most famous ships in the world sank in the Weddell Sea in Antarctica. This happened during the unfortunate expedition of the explorer in 1914-17 and marked the end of the "heroic era" of the exploration of the ice continent. Over the years, there have been many attempts to locate the crash site, but they were all unsuccessful. A fearless scientist named John Shears is set to take another one in early 2022. Why is he t