What did archaeologists find in a 2800-year-old tomb and why they decided that a princess was buried in it
What did archaeologists find in a 2800-year-old tomb and why they decided that a princess was buried in it
Anonim

In France, in the commune of Saint-Voulbas, 20 miles from Lyon, during construction work, the remains of an Iron Age "princess" were discovered. Why "princesses"? Because at the time of the burial, the stranger was wearing gorgeous precious jewelry. Apparently, during her lifetime, they amazed the imagination of the retinue. Now the artifacts will be examined by researchers.

According to archaeologists, the age of the burial is 2800 years. A middle-aged woman who lived in the early Iron Age was buried in the tomb. The woman was buried in an oak coffin, with a large number of jewelry and objects that speak of her high status.

According to Fox News, the tomb measures approximately 2.5 meters by 3.5 feet, with recesses in the bottom that allowed the coffin to be stably positioned.

Something like this looked like a coffin with a royal person

The woman was lying on her back with her arms outstretched. She was buried clothed and jeweled around her neck, and on each wrist were ring-shaped bracelets of blue and blue-green glass, adorned with thin stripes of a lighter color. Glass beads alternate with disc-shaped copper alloy beads. At the time of burial, the “princess” had a belt, but over many centuries it rotted away and only a buckle with a clip, made of the same alloy as the beads, remained.

Buckle and others flew from the belt

The researchers note that 2,800 years ago (considering the technology of that era) glass beads were very rare. It was not so easy to make them, which means that they were very expensive, which is the surest sign of a woman's wealth and high status.

These beads once had a very attractive look

As for the copper beads on the bracelets, they, like the buckle on the belt, were covered with a green coating - after all, they had been underground for many centuries. In addition, the buckle is so worn out that it is almost impossible to make out the decorative patterns depicted on it.

Detail of the belt ornament

In addition to the aforementioned decorations, the tomb also contains stacks of small discs made of a material resembling pearls. In addition, a perfectly preserved ceramic vessel was found next to the woman's head.

The woman was dressed in a dress that was almost completely decomposed, but from the surviving fragments we can say that it was made of fabric, leather and felt.

The found tomb is one of three found in the area. Two more date from a later period (about the 5th century BC), and the remains they contained appear to have been cremated.

All these burials were accidentally discovered by workers who were removing soil from the territory as part of the construction of an industrial park. It has been established that the inhabitants of the tombs were representatives of the Hallstatt culture - an early Iron Age civilization that existed between 800 and 450 BC and was distributed throughout Central Europe, as well as in the Balkans. In general, from a historical point of view, this culture is remarkable for two things - agriculture and beautiful artifacts.

Artistic representation of the discovered graves in their original form

The culture consisted of independent tribes with no political ties, but connected by an extensive trading network. They exchanged everything from household utensils to primitive agricultural machinery. But the representatives of the Hallstatt culture were especially active in trading in metal (tin, copper, iron), and this trade was spread all the way to the Mediterranean Sea.

In addition to the fact that the discovery of tombs - in particular, the "princess" tomb - is simply interesting in itself, these discoveries give researchers an idea of ​​the funeral traditions that existed in one culture and as it developed, over time, underwent radical changes.

Popular by topic