Painting from Stone: Florentine Mosaic Art Admired by the Great Michelangelo himself
Painting from Stone: Florentine Mosaic Art Admired by the Great Michelangelo himself
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Florentine stone mosaic

The art of Florentine mosaic developed in the 16th century. "Painting made of stone" has no expiration date, it does not fade, does not crumble. Admiring products made of ornamental stones, Michelangelo called them "eternal paintings".

Florentine mosaic of ornamental stones

The technique of folding the Florentine mosaic is called "commesso", which can be translated as "joined". The craftsmen are so skillfully adjusting the stone plates to each other that no seams are visible between them, even in the light. Moreover, to create an ornament, it is necessary to choose the right stone not only in shape, but also in texture. For example, for the image of a leaf, they choose not just a green stone, but with veins.

Table top made using Florentine mosaic technique

Florentine mosaic was used to make various wall panels, chessboards, tables, jewelry boxes and more.

Classic Florentine mosaic

Stone mosaic developed in the 16th century under the patronage of the Medici family. In 1588, Ferdinando I di Medici opened a workshop in which craftsmen made products from semi-precious stones. At the same time, other masters began to flock to Florence in order to adopt the experience of "painting from stone". For the Medici themselves, stone mosaic products served as another confirmation of their greatness in the eyes of the aristocracy and heads of other states, since the manufacture of objects of such art was considered a rather expensive craft.

Marble table The meticulous process of making a stone panel

Today, stone mosaics are made using a laser, but there are still workshops in Italy that use authentic tools. To get a fragment of the required shape, you need to clamp the stone in a vice and cut out a piece for a mosaic from it. For this, a saw is used that resembles a bow for shooting with a bowstring-wire. The finished parts are glued to the picture using wood resins. Finished products have no expiration date, they are practically eternal.

A saw that resembles a bow with a bowstring is used to cut the stone The process of creating a mosaic

There are many varieties of mosaic art. In Japan, very much appreciated mosaic forming wood ornaments. Today this technique can be seen on sliding doors or partitions in Japanese homes.

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