On the eve of Victory Day, federal and regional authorities annually put in order monuments and memorials throughout the country. After all, there are only a few veterans left, and these memorable places are an important milestone in the people's memory and the flagship of Russian patriotic education.
Some memorial sites can be easily removed and painted. Such work may well be performed by volunteers from among students, schoolchildren and simply caring people. And the specialists of specialized bureaus will cope not only with cleaning and planting of greenery at memorials and mass graves, but also with the reconstruction of monuments. the Bureau. But there are also memorials that require a special approach.
The eternal flame at the Kremlin walls has been burning for 54 years. The fire is stored very carefully, and when the mandatory scheduled checks pass, they quickly return the flame to its place.
The Eternal Flame must be prevented annually before May 9 - the Day of the Great Victory. Serves one of the main symbols of the people's memory of those who died during the Great Patriotic War, the state enterprise Mosgaz.
Experts say that this is a work of the highest complexity. And although it takes about an hour, the most experienced and responsible specialists are involved in these works.
At the first stage of work, the fire is transferred using a special torch to a special temporary burner. After that, the star is removed from the memorial in order to disassemble the main burner. If there is such a need, then in the course of preventive work, the ignitors are changed, which operate under high voltage 24 hours a day.
The system works in this way. Gas is fed into the system through special tubes and goes through igniters with electric spirals inside. These spirals are under constant tension, so that even in the most windy weather, the gas immediately ignites, even if it was knocked down by a gust of wind.
The design of the Eternal Flame near the Kremlin provides for 3 igniters. While one is working, the other two perform the function of backup, and they will definitely work if something happens to the existing equipment. After all, the fire on the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier should burn in a downpour, in a snowfall, and in a hurricane.
The eternal flame appeared at the Kremlin on May 8, 1967. They lit it from a torch brought to Moscow from Leningrad in an armored vehicle, and lit a torch from the memorial fire on the Field of Mars. In the capital, the Eternal Flame was met by Hero of the Soviet Union Alexei Maresyev, and General Secretary Brezhnev personally placed the flame in the center of the star of the memorial. The historical first torch is still kept in one of the Moscow museums.
In 1997, a decree of the President of the Russian Federation was issued, according to which the military guard, which had previously stood in the Mausoleum, was transferred to the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier. And since that time, the guard of honor at this memorial place has been replaced every hour.
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