The history of the Ukrainian artist Polina Raiko - an amazing example of the fact that no matter how hard and tragic life is, you need to learn to find meaning in it, and that it is never too late to start everything from scratch. The woman began painting at an advanced age. And this hobby not only helped her find herself in the whirlwind of life, but also brought her the support of many admirers of her talent.
Raiko Pelageya (Polina) Andreevna (nee Soldatova) was a Ukrainian artist from the city of Tsyurupinsk, near Kherson, who worked in the style of naive art. The name of this woman, who began her creative career at the age of 69, is on a par with such Ukrainian artists as Maria Primachenko, Tatiana Pata, Ganna Sobachko-Shostak.
The artist's whole life is saturated with tragedies and trials. The very young Polina was deported to Germany, so the war has always been a bitter memory and pain for her. Returning home from Germany, she married and gave birth to two children - a daughter and a son. In 1954, the Raiko family built their own house on a new site near the river. They lived very modestly, kept their own garden and received collective farm workdays. Now it is difficult to say whether Polina Andreevna would have taken a brush and paints in her hands, if not for the cruel blows of fate.
In 1994, trouble came to Polina Andreevna's family: daughter Alena died in a car accident, leaving her husband two sons - the grandchildren of Polina Andreevna. A year later, her husband Nikolai died, and a couple of years later his son Sergei ended up in a penal colony. It cannot be said that the latter greatly upset the old woman, for the drunken son almost destroyed the house, drank everything that was even a little valuable, even the power cable.
The first picturesque compositions on the walls of Polina Raiko's house appeared when Sergei was serving time in a penal colony. Left alone, the lonely woman decided to tidy up the destroyed house.
However, joy did not come: each new drawing was born with tears in his eyes:
The hope that the son, upon returning from the colony, realizes his guilt and begins to lead a normal life, immediately collapsed: with the return of Sergei, the pogroms in the house resumed, moreover, he even stabbed his old mother several times. The life of Polina Andreevna was constantly under threat and it is scary to think how it would all end if not for his cirrhosis of the liver. Having buried her son, she was left all alone, the grandchildren did not really remember the old woman. And again the artist took up the brush and paints.
During the day, Raiko's grandmother worked part-time where she could, because her pension was very small and she went to the cheapest pentaphthalic enamel paints. Well, at night she turned on an electric light bulb, closed the windows with shutters and created her original art.
For four years, Polina Andreevna painted all the walls and ceilings of her house and summer kitchen, fences, gates, gates, even monuments to her husband and son at the local cemetery, using Christian, Soviet and pagan symbols - all of which she knew.
And Polina Andreevna made her compositions based on biographical subjects. Here is her husband - a bitter drunkard, whom Polina "put" in the boat, "gave" a kobza in her hands, and next to him "placed" bottles of alcohol - so that he finally gets drunk.
And here they are in a photo with her husband after the wedding, when it seemed that the best in their life was yet to come … And below is the same story in the painting on the wall of Polina's house.
And here are three sisters Polina with bouquets of flowers and wings of angels, whom she portrayed sitting in their young months.
And on the right side of the composition, the artist depicted herself.
And here is the son and daughter, still children, under the protection of a guardian angel. She could not save her children in this world, so let the Almighty save them at least on that, Polina decided.
Painting the walls of her home, Polina Andreevna rested her soul from torment and suffering and cried over her bitter share, tears clearing her of worries and unkind thoughts.
The last work of the 76-year-old Raiko was a self-portrait, painted on the back of a mirror. Apparently because all the walls in the house were already painted with drawings…. Or maybe the presentiment of its end prompted Raiko to take such a step.
We are used to associating art with the most accurate copying of the world around us, and the original artist let her painting through herself, and her hand reflected the harmony of this world already in her vision. Polina Andreevna, who had absolutely no artistic education, called her unexpected craving for painting a gift from God for all the troubles and suffering that befell her.
Gradually, the modest estate of Polina Raiko turned into a place of pilgrimage. For several years it has been visited by many journalists, art lovers, tourists. The publication of an album of her work was planned during her lifetime, but, unfortunately, in early 2004, Polina Raiko died.
After the death of the artist, social activists and artists began a campaign to preserve her extraordinary home, since the heirs were not very concerned about this. As a result, it was bought by a Canadian family planning to create a museum in the Raiko house. But so far these are only plans.
Today, the attraction is preserved thanks to the efforts of Kherson activists; at their request, local women take care of the house. But time is relentless, and the walls in the house began to crack, paint peeled off. The issue of preserving the original murals of the house remains open.
The work of the world famous Russian artist was very close to primitivism, Natalia Goncharova, whose paintings are now selling for tens of millions of dollars. She tops the list of the most valuable female artists in the world.
Popular by topic
The funniest memes that appeared thanks to the senator in mittens and a mask and brought almost 2 million "green"
Joe Biden's inauguration was not without some curiosities. The attention of the whole world has attracted … no, not the newly elected President of the United States, but Bernie Sanders. The name of this politician was hitherto unknown to the general public. The elderly senator made a splash on the Internet with his photo in cute knitted mittens and a disposable mask. In just a day, the network was flooded with hundreds of funny memes with a politician. The best of them are further in the review
How teenagers and rock 'n' roll made vaccination fashionable: King Elvis saves the world from an epidemic
The polio virus has kept millions of parents at bay for years. In America, by 1955, tens of thousands of children were infected, many were disabled. Hope came with the discovery of a vaccine against this terrible disease. But those who wanted to be vaccinated were negligible. In search of a solution to this problem, the government attracted the most popular person in the United States at that time - Elvis Presley. The king of rock and roll was able to dramatically change the opinion of all Americans (and not only) about vaccination. How did the musician manage to
Most of the world has been calculating time for four centuries using a calendar called the Gregorian. The year of this calendar is divided into 12 months and lasts 365 days. One additional day is added every four years. Such a year is called a leap year. This is necessary in order to remove the difference between the movement of the sun and the calendar. This concept was introduced in the late 16th century by Pope Gregory XIII as a reform of the Julian calendar. The Gregorian calendar is generally accepted because
Sir Ernest Shackleton's missing ship, the Endurance, has become a legend. One of the most famous ships in the world sank in the Weddell Sea in Antarctica. This happened during the unfortunate expedition of the explorer in 1914-17 and marked the end of the "heroic era" of the exploration of the ice continent. Over the years, there have been many attempts to locate the crash site, but they were all unsuccessful. A fearless scientist named John Shears is set to take another one in early 2022. Why is he t
Her name is Gertrude and she has an amazing hairstyle that can only be envied. In fact, it is a comb of feathers. With whom only thanks to this the duck was not compared! The famous bird was honored to stand on a par with George Washington, Queen Elizabeth, Albert Einstein and many other famous personalities with memorable hairstyles. The duck has become a real star of the Internet not only because of its "hair", but also because of the unusual qualities of its character. NS