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Video: The Titans of the High Renaissance: Who They Are and Their Contribution to Art History
2023 Author: Richard Flannagan | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-11-26 05:58
The Renaissance refers to the rediscovery of ideals from classical antiquity. Artists no longer thought about the art of antiquity. They now had the tools, technology, knowledge and confidence to create in their own direction. Overall, the Renaissance was a revolution in realism, with painters and sculptors developing new techniques to make their work more realistic.
The High Renaissance also represented the convergence of geniuses - an unthinkable wealth of talents concentrated in the same area at the same time. While this revival has taken place in many creative fields - the poetry of Dante Alighieri, the architecture of Filippo Brunelleschi, the scientific experiments of Galileo, works of visual art act as the most iconic representations of the Renaissance era.
Duration of an era
Developing from about 1300 to the middle of the 16th century, the Italian Renaissance was one of the most important and fruitful periods in art history. Leonardo da Vinci began creating his most famous works in the 1480s, so most art historians agree that the 1480s was the beginning of the High Renaissance. Raphael died in 1520 and it can be argued that death marked the end of the High Renaissance. Be that as it may, it was the High Renaissance that lasted no more than forty years.
The rudiments of the High Renaissance originated partly from Milan (represented by Leonardo's work), partly from Florence (by Michelangelo's work), partly from the regions of northern and central Italy and Rome as a whole. Venice was full of its own artistic geniuses.
Big Three Names
The so-called "Big Three" of the High Renaissance were Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo Buonarroti and Raphael Santi. Together they are credited as the fathers of a new, dynamic, monumental and psychologically poignant approach to High Renaissance art. Of course, this triad of talents deserves all the glory, but they were not the only artistic geniuses of the Renaissance. There were many tens, if not hundreds, of Renaissance masters.
Leonardo da Vinci
Born April 15, 1452, died May 2, 1519 (67 years old) Leonardo da Vinci, perhaps the most famous Renaissance artist, known for his masterpieces "Mona Lisa" and "The Last Supper". No other smile has sparked as much speculation as the Mona Lisa. The young woman, Lisa del Giocondo, who was immortalized by Da Vinci in the early 16th century, has the most famous smile in the world. He is considered by many to be one of the most talented and intelligent people of all time. The term "Renaissance man" (a person who does many things equally well) is today used to describe people like da Vinci. One of Leonardo's famous creations is the drawing of the Vitruvian Man. This is an image of a man in perfect proportions, based on the notes of the Roman architect Vitruvius.
Born March 6, 1475, died February 18, 1564 (age 88) One of da Vinci's contemporaries and possibly his contender for the title of the greatest Renaissance artist was Michelangelo di Lodovico di Leonardo di Buonarroti Simoni. Michelangelo was born 13 years after da Vinci and followed in his footsteps as a Renaissance man. He was an accomplished artist, poet, architect and engineer. His most famous work is the sculpture of David, which was completed in the early years of the 16th century. The nearly 15-foot David depicts the biblical figure of David in white marble. Other notable works by Michelangelo include the statue of Pieta and the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel in the Vatican. In the Vatican's Sistine Chapel, he painted two of the most impressive frescoes in the history of Western art: scenes from Genesis on the ceiling and the Last Judgment on the altar wall. Michelangelo completed the magnificent frescoes on the chapel ceiling in four years. The composition covers more than 500 square meters and includes no less than 300 figures - it is undoubtedly an unprecedented piece of art that influenced many Baroque artists over the years.
Born in the spring of 1483, died on April 6, 1520 (age 37) Raphael is known as the third of the great masters of the Italian Renaissance. He was a young master, a brilliant assimilator and synthesizer of what came before. He combined in his graceful manner many innovations of both Leonardo and Michelangelo, which partially justifies the latter's posthumous judgment about Raphael: "Everything he knew in art, he learned from me." He was born in 1483 and his works were extremely influential even during his lifetime. Raphael lived to be 37 years old, but in his short life he created a huge number of works, including paintings, frescoes, prints and much more. One of his most famous works is the Athens School fresco. It is a classic example of Renaissance art and culture. The School of Athens, part of a series of frescoes in the Vatican's Apostolic Palace, offers a synthesis of technical sophistication, linear perspective through refined architecture and the embodiment of philosophical ideals. The frescoes depict the most famous minds of antiquity (in the center of the arch are framed by Plato and Aristotle), as well as a number of the artist's contemporaries, including Leonardo, Michelangelo and Raphael himself.
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