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Whose houses were foreign embassies placed in after the revolution: Special purpose mansions
Whose houses were foreign embassies placed in after the revolution: Special purpose mansions
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Many Moscow mansions, built shortly before the revolution, were subsequently transferred to the embassies of foreign states. Each such "small palace" is a separate story and a separate destiny. Alas, the former owners had a chance to live in their mansions for a very short time, and for more than a decade they have been occupied by completely different “owners” - foreigners. However, the buildings of the embassies are still called by historians, architects and old-timers after the names of their former owners - wealthy Moscow entrepreneurs.

Austrian embassy building

The building of the Austrian embassy, ​​built in 1906 in Prechistensky lane, before the revolution belonged to the textile industrialist Nikolai Mindovsky. This house, located at the corner of Starokonyushenny and Prechistensky lanes, was built by the Moscow Trade and Construction Joint Stock Company for sale.

Fragment

The mansion was built according to the project of the architect Nikita Lazarev in the neoclassical style. Admire the thick and squat columns. To the left of the beautiful rotunda is a portico with a high pediment.

N. Mindovsky's mansion

Interestingly, after the revolution, the building housed a registry office for some time. It combined such famous couples as Sergei Yesenin and Isadora Duncan, Mikhail Bulgakov and Lyubov Belozerskaya. In 1927, the building was given to the Austrian Embassy, ​​since 1938 it housed the German Embassy (during the war, in 1944, Churchill stayed there for one night). In 1950, the Austrian embassy again began to be located in the mansion.

Embassy of New Zealand

The house was built in 1903-1904. The author of the project is the architect Lev Kekushev. He created a mansion in the Moscow Art Nouveau style combined with Franco-Belgian Art Nouveau. The building was erected for the purpose of subsequent sale, and the buyer was found only in 1908 - it was the Moscow merchant Ivan Mindovsky. He wrote a will for his four children, but they did not manage to divide the mansion after his death - the revolution broke out and the building was nationalized.

I. Mindovsky's mansion The building is considered one of the best works of Kekushev

Ivan Mindovsky's mansion is considered one of the best projects of Lev Kekushev. The sculptures on the facades are especially fascinating. However, he has others mansions-masterpieces.

Fragment

The interior interiors, made in different styles, were also very expensively and talentedly decorated. All rooms were decorated with paintings, stucco molding, stained-glass windows. The decoration used marble, Karelian birch and other expensive materials.

Fragment of the interior

Embassy of the Kingdom of Morocco

The embassy of this African state is located in the Gutheil mansion, built in the Moscow Art Nouveau style in 1903 and designed by the architect William Walcott. Initially, the building was built on a turnkey basis - not for a specific owner-customer, but for sale. As a result, the house was bought by Karl Gutheil, the son and successor of a successful music publisher, director of the Moscow Philharmonic Society.

Gutheil's mansion

From an architectural point of view, this mansion is unique: unlike other buildings built in the Art Nouveau style, it is symmetrical. The main entrance goes through the central projection; the head of the Lorelei girl is depicted on the arch of the entrance door portal. Similar decorations can be seen above the windows of the side projections.The façade cladding is pink; the glazed tiles feature stucco panels depicting putto babies, a popular architectural element of the Renaissance.

Gutheil's mansion. Fragment

The building is decorated in the Rococo style, which, along with an abundance of rounded elements, gives the building grace.

Fragment of the building

The second floor of the courtyard part of the building was added already in 1960, when the embassy was located in the mansion.

Embassy of Denmark

The diplomatic mission of Denmark in Russia is located in a building that at the beginning of the last century belonged to the famous merchant-patron of art Margarita Morozova.

Danish diplomatic mission

The city manor was built in 1818 in the Empire style (the right side belonged to the guard-captain Voeikov); over the decades, the mansion was repeatedly modified - for example, in 1905, a ceremonial lobby was added to it. In 1913 the architect Zholtovsky completed it in the neoclassical style.

After the revolution, when the building was nationalized, the new authorities assigned Margarita Morozova a room in the basement. The building belongs to the Kingdom of Denmark since 1946. Legend has it that the king's ambassador offered the former owner of the mansion Danish citizenship, but she refused.

More about the fate of Margarita Kirillovna can be read here.

Gabon embassy building

The mansion of Natalia Urusova in Denezhny Lane, which now houses the Embassy of the Republic of Gabon, was built in 1899.

Urusova's mansion

The author of the project is the architect and military engineer Karl Treiman. A stone two-story mansion with a mezzanine, made in the Art Nouveau style, the owner built on the site of the old buildings of the early 19th century. The new building turned out to be very unusual: the facades were replete with columns, pilasters, and stucco moldings. The sculptural image of a woman's head in a niche-medallion, presumably, is a portrait of the owner of the house.

For some time, the merchant and benefactor Aleksey Bakhrushin, a relative of Urusova, lived in the house. After the revolution, the building was nationalized, and the mistress herself emigrated to France.

Embassy of Gabon

Chilean embassy building

The lucrative estate of Broido-Burdakov, which now houses the Chilean embassy, ​​was built in 1912. The author of the project was Adolf Seligson. The building was built in the Art Nouveau style, has a basement and a mezzanine. The semicircular window is decorated with a stucco frieze with an ornament.

Chilean Embassy

The first owner, Herman Broido, specialized in the sale of detached houses and apartment buildings on a turnkey basis. In 1911, a year before the completion of construction, the property was acquired by the Ural gold miner and philanthropist Viktorin Burdakov.

There were several buildings on the territory. The owner lived in the apartment of the main building, which had a total of twenty rooms.

Italian embassy building

Before the revolution, the last owner of this mansion in Denezhny Lane was a nobleman and owner of factories, gold mines and manufactories Sergei Berg. He bought this house in 1897 from the writer Mikhail Zagoskin. Prior to this, the building has repeatedly changed owners and rebuilt.

Embassy of Italy

The mansion has embodied several architectural styles - baroque, neoclassicism, gothic, modern. All these directions in this architectural project are very successfully combined. But the lush interiors of this mansion are especially striking.

Inside, the building looks very pompous

By the way, this was one of the first houses in Moscow, where electricity was installed and a doorbell was installed.

Fragment of the facade

Today the Italian Embassy is located here. It often holds creative evenings within the walls of the mansion. The building underwent restoration several years ago.

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